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Book Chapter
Series: Chemical Immunology and Allergy
Volume: 96
Published: 16 March 2012
10.1159/000331910
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9895-8
... Abstract Atopic dermatitis is a common inflammatory skin disease and a global health problem. Patients are often colonized or infected by Staphylococcus aureus , usually by toxin-producing strains. Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) has emerged as an important pathogen. Community...
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Respiratory Research
Volume: 34
Published: 07 October 2005
10.1159/000088570
EISBN: 978-3-318-01240-8
... Abstract Staphylococcus aureus is a common pathogen in cystic fibrosis(CF), being detected in the sputum of about 50% of childrenover the age of 10 years. Although it may not itselfusually cause airway damage, its presence may predispose toPseudomonas aeruginosa infection and so eradication...
Book Chapter
Series: Chemical Immunology and Allergy
Volume: 93
Published: 20 March 2007
10.1159/000100856
EISBN: 978-3-318-01451-8
... Abstract The molecular mechanism of Staphylococcus aureus phathogenicity is complex andinvolves several toxins, including the famous staphylococcal enterotoxin (SE) and toxicshock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1). Although these toxins were discovered in specific clinicalcontexts of food poisoning...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Microbiology
Volume: 16
Published: 26 May 2009
10.1159/000219376
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9133-1
... Abstract The important human pathogen Staphylococcus aureus is able to satisfy its nutrient iron requirement by acquiring heme from host hemoglobin in the context of infection. However, heme acquisition exposes S. aureus to heme toxicity. In order to detect the presence of toxic levels...
Book Chapter
Series: Genome Dynamics
Volume: 6
Published: 27 August 2009
10.1159/000235771
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9193-5
... Abstract The pathogenicity of Staphylococcus aureus is determined by its ability to express multiple virulence factors. Thus far the virulence potential of S. aureus isolates has been described by the virulence gene repertoire, which, in part, varies considerably among the different...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Chemical Immunology and Allergy
Volume: 93
Published: 20 March 2007
10.1159/000100861
EISBN: 978-3-318-01451-8
... Abstract Staphylococcus aureus is a commensal bacterium in the respiratory tract mucosa of mostpeople and infects the skin of atopic dermatitis patients. This might imply a symbiotic relationshipbetween host and bacterium or a standoff between bacterial infection and the host immunesystem...
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Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 157
Published: 25 May 2007
10.1159/000102456
EISBN: 978-3-318-01467-9
... Abstract Background: Post-methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection glomerulonephritis(post-MRSA infection GN) is seen after MRSA infection and is a similar disorderto IgA nephropathy (IgAN). We have found that immune complexes composed of staphylococcalcell membrane antigen and IgA...
Book Chapter
Series: Genome Dynamics
Volume: 6
Published: 27 August 2009
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9193-5
...References References 1. Dinges MM, Orwin PM, Schlievert PM: Exotoxins of Staphylococcus aureus . Clin Microbiol Rev 2000;13:16-34 2. Foster TJ, Hook M: Surface protein adhesins of Staphylococcus aureus . Trends Microbiol 1998;6:484-488 3. Foster TJ: Immune evasion by staphylococci...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Chemical Immunology and Allergy
Volume: 96
Published: 16 March 2012
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9895-8
...-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Clin Infect Dis 2008;46:S344-S349 5. Klevens RM, Morrison MA, Nadle J, Petit S, Gershman K, Ray S, Harrison LH, Lynfield R, Dumyati G, Townes JM, Craig AS, Zell ER, Fosheim GE, McDougal LK, Carey RB, Fridkin SK: Active Bacterial Core Surveillance (ABCs) MRSA...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 33
Published: 21 June 2006
10.1159/000093942
EISBN: 978-3-318-01349-8
... Abstract Atopic skin is mainly determined by a disrupted skin barrier, resulting in a higher susceptibilityto external irritants in affected and nonaffected skin. Apart from many other irritant andallergic influences, skin colonization with Staphylococcus aureus is one of the major...
Book Chapter
Series: Chemical Immunology and Allergy
Volume: 96
Published: 16 March 2012
10.1159/000331887
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9895-8
... staphylococci (e.g. Staphylococcus epidermis, Staphylococcus hemolyticus and Staphylococcus hominis ) are considered part of the normal skin human flora. These microorganisms are present in proportionally constant numbers in healthy skin. Staphylococcus aureus is not considered a member of the normal skin...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers in Diabetes
Volume: 26
Published: 11 December 2017
EISBN: 978-3-318-06145-1
... of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in infected and uninfected diabetic foot ulcers. Clin Microbiol Infect 2006;12:186-189. 3. Tascini C, Piaggesi A, Tagliaferri E, Iacopi E, Fondelli S, Tedeschi A, Rizzo L, Leonildi A, Menichetti F: Microbiology at first visit of moderate-to-severe diabetic...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 49
Published: 12 February 2016
10.1159/000441543
EISBN: 978-3-318-05586-3
... neutrophils, keratinocytes and sebocytes [ 28 , 29 ]. Defensins are packed in the lamellar bodies within keratinocytes and released to the cell surface [ 26 , 30 ]. Human β-defensin (hBD)-2 has only bacteriostatic activity against Staphylococcus aureus [ 11 , 31 , 32 ], but potent bactericidal activity...