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aphasia

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Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 44
Published: 20 May 2019
10.1159/000494950
EISBN: 978-3-318-06463-6
... Abstract In 1943, Tsuneo Imura, a neuropsychiatrist at Tokyo University, proposed a new aphasic syndrome and designated it as Gogi (word meaning) aphasia. According to Imura, it is characterized by (1) difficulty in comprehending spoken words despite good perception of sound, (2) disorders...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 42
Published: 06 December 2017
10.1159/000475694
EISBN: 978-3-318-06089-8
... communication act associated with religious spiritual thoughts, although it has also been described in mental disorders. Glossolalia state is a special mental state, completely different from aphasia. Aphasia is characterized by some phonological and grammatical rules; however, these are related...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 32
Published: 03 July 2013
10.1159/000346431
EISBN: 978-3-318-02309-1
... Abstract The neural mechanisms that support aphasia recovery are not yet fully understood. It has been argued that the functional reorganization of language networks after left-hemisphere stroke may engage perilesional left brain areas as well as homologous right-hemisphere regions...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 30
Published: 16 February 2012
10.1159/000333402
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9911-5
... Abstract Aphasia refers to a disorder of language processing caused by a dysfunction in specific brain regions. It is common after stroke and associated with relevant disability and higher mortality. Evaluation of language function (spontaneous speech, auditory comprehension, naming, repetition...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 22
Published: 22 May 2007
10.1159/000102876
EISBN: 978-3-318-01450-1
... Abstract At 45 years of age, Charles Baudelaire suffered a left hemispheric stroke that left himwith a right hemiplegia and severe aphasia. In this chapter, we investigate the nature of hissymptoms, drawing mostly on his own and his contemporaries’ correspondence. Before specificallyexamining...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 22
Published: 22 May 2007
10.1159/000102879
EISBN: 978-3-318-01450-1
... in a right hemiplegia and sensory loss, with aphasia of the subcortical type. The linguisticimpairments recovered well but at 1 year postonset, the right hand was still completelyparalyzed. After a period of a few weeks, during which the patient refused to use hisnondominant hand, he produced his first left...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 44
Published: 20 May 2019
EISBN: 978-3-318-06463-6
...: agrammatism paragrammatism; in Goodglass H, Blumstein S (eds): Psycholinguitics and Aphasia. Baltimore, MA, The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1973, pp 171–182. 5. Sasanuma S, Monoi H: The syndrome of Gogi (word-meaning) aphasia. Selective impairment of Kanji processing. Neurology 1975;25:627–632. 6...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 44
Published: 20 May 2019
10.1159/000494948
EISBN: 978-3-318-06463-6
... lenticulaire,” the lesion of which causes anarthria. But his illustration of “zone lenticulaire” which appears repeatedly in his papers dealing with aphasia, is anatomically incorrect since the most important portions of Broca’s area, opercular part and triangular part of the inferior frontal gyrus are missing...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 44
Published: 20 May 2019
10.1159/000494955
EISBN: 978-3-318-06463-6
... no boundaries,” as the saying goes. Just as language impairment is known as “aphasia,” impairment of the perception of music is called “amusia.” In this article, we will first classify the types of amusia. This will be followed by an introduction to the classical research of Salomon Eberhard Henschen (1847–1930...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 30
Published: 16 February 2012
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9911-5
...References References 1. (eds) Damasio AR, Damasio H: Aphasia and the neural basis of language. (eds) Mesulam MM: Principles of Behavorial and Cognitive Neurolog 2 New York, Oxford University Press, 2000;294-315 2. Pedersen PM, Vinter K, Olsen TS: Aphasia after stroke: type, severity...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 32
Published: 03 July 2013
EISBN: 978-3-318-02309-1
...References References 1. Alexander MP: Aphasia: clinical and anatomical aspects; in Feinberg TE, Farah MJ (eds): Behavioral Neurology and Neuropsychology. New York, McGraw-Hill, 1997, pp 133-149. 2. Hamilton RH, Chrysikou EG, Coslett B: Mechanisms of aphasia recovery after stroke...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 44
Published: 20 May 2019
10.1159/000494951
EISBN: 978-3-318-06463-6
... and refined by Norman Geschwind. He drew upon foundational works of Dejerine, Hugo Liepmann, and others to describe syndromes resulting from cortical disconnections and, in doing so, helped to establish a framework for the modern discipline of behavioral neurology. Introduction Aphasia is an acquired...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 19
Published: 28 April 2005
10.1159/000085632
EISBN: 978-3-318-01206-4
... Abstract Studies on the relation between music and the brain have generated heterogeneousresults influenced by the location of the cerebral injury and by the degree of previous musicalknowledge. Some reports have shown that musical impairment is invariably associatedwith aphasia (aphasia...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 19
Published: 28 April 2005
10.1159/000085606
EISBN: 978-3-318-01206-4
.... In 1935, he was affected by a stroke which left him with a severe aphasia anda right hemiplegia, which he survived for 22 years. His aphasia produced a short-lastingperiod of mutism. The aphasia later evolved towards a Broca-type disorder with a marked telegraphicstyle. However, the most striking aspect...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 44
Published: 20 May 2019
10.1159/000494952
EISBN: 978-3-318-06463-6
... of 46 kana are orthographically similar (e.g., hiragana う [u] and katakana ウ [u]). Therefore, they can be regarded as allographs [ 1 ]. Because of the above-mentioned unique writing systems, Japanese patients with aphasia, alexia, and agraphia have been reported to show better performance in kanji...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 42
Published: 06 December 2017
EISBN: 978-3-318-06089-8
.... Johnson KD: A neuropastoral care and counseling assessment of glossolalia: a theosocial cognitive study. J Health Care Chaplain 2010;16:161-171. 11. Damasio AR, Geschwind N: The neural basis of language. Annu Rev Neurosci 1984;7:127-147. 12. Viader F, et al: [A case of aphasia with speech...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 44
Published: 20 May 2019
EISBN: 978-3-318-06463-6
...–449. 3. Pomata G: The medical case narrative: distant reading of an epistemic genre. Lit Med 2014;32:1–23. 4. Eling P, Whitaker H: History of aphasia: a conceptual analysis; in Finger S, Boller F, Tyler KL (eds): Handbook of Clinical Neurology (Vol 95). Amsterdam, Elsevier, 2009, pp 571–582...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 29
Published: 07 October 2010
10.1159/000321784
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9557-5
... Salpêtrière. Before World War I, Pierre Marie made the localization of aphasia the centerpiece of his personal feud with Jules Déjerine. In his extensive research on aphasia, Marie sharply contested the generally accepted views of Paul Broca and Carl Wernicke on the localization of the speech centre, while...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 44
Published: 20 May 2019
EISBN: 978-3-318-06463-6
... sur le siège de la faculté du langage articulé, suivies d’une observation d’aphémie (perte de la parole). Bull Soc Anatom (Paris) 1861;6 (2nd series):330–357. 10. Henderson VW: Alalia, aphemia, and aphasia. Arch Neurol 1990;47:85–88. 11. Broca P: Sur le siége de la faculté du langage articulé...