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Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 96
Published: 30 June 2022
10.1159/000519394
EISBN: 978-3-318-07015-6
... maintaining HM as the main source of nutrition. Because of their rapid increase of lean body mass, preterm infants have much higher protein requirements than term infants. Recommendations on protein requirements of preterm infants are available, but protein quality – i.e. the amino acid (AA) profile in HMFs...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 122
Published: 03 September 2021
10.1159/000514748
EISBN: 978-3-318-06647-0
...Key Messages Parenteral amino acid supply for very preterm infants can start directly from birth onwards at a rate of 1.5–2.5 g/kg/day safely and can be increased to 3.5 g/kg/day in the next few days. Enterally fed very preterm infants should receive at least 3.5–4.0 g protein/kg/day...
Book Chapter
Series: Aesthetic Dermatology
Volume: 5
Published: 09 February 2021
10.1159/000491846
EISBN: 978-3-318-06690-6
... production coupled with the downregulation of collagen degradation, with dermal fibroblasts being the target cell in this strategy. To this end, peptides (short chains of amino acid sequences) have been incorporated into cosmeceuticals to stimulate collagen production. A reduction in hyperpigmentation...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 86
Published: 28 June 2016
10.1159/000442697
EISBN: 978-3-318-05483-5
... Abstract Proteins are polymers composed of 30 or more amino acids; some of them are essential dietary components, since they are not synthetized by human metabolic processes. They are crucial for healthy growth and development and influence major functions of the body. The infant's first year...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 86
Published: 28 June 2016
10.1159/000442739
EISBN: 978-3-318-05483-5
... Abstract A large proportion of extremely low-birth-weight infants requires parenteral nutrition for variable lengths of time. Amino acids are the key ingredients of parenteral nutrition. The goal of appropriate amino acid administration is to promote anabolism and normal cellular development...
Book Chapter
Series: Modern Trends in Psychiatry
Volume: 30
Published: 28 September 2015
10.1159/000435933
EISBN: 978-3-318-05574-0
... on the monoamine neurotransmitters noradrenaline, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, serotonin), and dopamine and the amino acid neurotransmitters GABA (γ-aminobutyric acid) and glutamate in chronic pain and depression. Numerous preclinical and clinical neurochemical, neuroanatomical, pharmacological and molecular...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 110
Published: 15 April 2014
10.1159/000358458
EISBN: 978-3-318-02641-2
... Abstract Amino acids and protein are key factors for growth. The neonatal period requires the highest intake in life to meet the demands. Those demands include amino acids for growth, but proteins and amino acids also function as signalling molecules and function as neurotransmitters. Often...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 76
Published: 05 August 2013
10.1159/000350261
EISBN: 978-3-318-02409-8
... of shifting to a positive protein balance after training is thought to be the same. What is less clear is the contribution of nutrition to the adaptive process. Following resistance exercise, proteins rich in the amino acid leucine increase the activation of mTOR, the rate of muscle protein synthesis (MPS...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 74
Published: 18 July 2013
10.1159/000348490
EISBN: 978-3-318-02388-6
... Abstract Functional outcome of preterm infants is highly related to the quality and quantity of nutrients provided during the first few weeks of life. New guidelines, as published by the ESPGHAN in 2010, have provided means to prevent undernutrition in the NICU. Especially proteins and amino...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 74
Published: 18 July 2013
10.1159/000348491
EISBN: 978-3-318-02388-6
... amino acid (AA) supplementation for even few days in the postnatal period can result in negative nitrogen balance, and approximately 1.1-2.5 g/kg per day of AA intake with caloric intake of 30-60 kcal/kg per day can change protein balance from significantly negative to neutral or positive [ 3 , 4...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers in Diabetes
Volume: 21
Published: 16 February 2012
10.1159/000334516
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9944-3
... Abstract The role of amino acids in the regulation of insulin secretion has received relatively little attention because of the clinical and basic science focus on glucose and, more recently, on fatty acids as the essential determinants of this process. However, early clinical observation...
Book Chapter
Series: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume: 37
Published: 12 August 2010
10.1159/000319998
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9522-3
.... Dysfunction of mTOR signaling in the elderly and its potential role as a target of amino acids in the treatment of age-related sarcopenia will be discussed. Skeletal muscle represents up to 45% of body weight of adult humans [ 1 ] and for its mass to be stable strictly depends on equal rates...
Book Chapter
Series: Developments in Ophthalmology
Volume: 45
Published: 11 May 2010
10.1159/000315015
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9419-6
... transport, exclusively carrying the cationic amino acids L-arginine, L-lysine and L-ornithine. y + is represented by CAT(cationic amino acid transporter) proteins. L-arginine is a precursor of the moisturizer urea, which has been used in the treatment of dry skin diseases. Although urea has also been shown...
Book Chapter