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Book Cover Image
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 14
Published: 28 February 1995
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-03682-4
EISBN: 978-3-318-03682-4
Book
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 124
Published: 15 June 2022
10.1159/000516707
EISBN: 978-3-318-06296-0
... Small for gestational age Fetal growth restriction Intrauterine growth retardation Catch-up growth Programming Key Messages Small for gestational age (SGA) and intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) increase the risk of morbidity and mortality both in the neonatal period...
Book Chapter
Series: Monographs in Oral Science
Volume: 29
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000510200
EISBN: 978-3-318-06852-8
... genetics as well as modifying factors such as fluoride. Various models exist which explain the transition from a health-compatible oral microbiota to a cariogenic microbiota. Longitudinal studies may increase our knowledge of the oral microbial compositions in different age groups by analyzing the temporal...
Book Chapter
Series: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
Volume: 95
Published: 12 January 2021
10.1159/000511507
EISBN: 978-3-318-06866-5
... Abstract Establishing dietary recommendations for micronutrients in young children is difficult. Techniques used to evaluate nutrient intake and bioavailability are hard to apply in this age group. Additionally, large variations in growth rates, dietary patterns, and nutrient losses in early...
Book Chapter
Series: ESASO Course Series
Volume: 11
Published: 28 December 2020
10.1159/000485295
EISBN: 978-3-318-06643-2
... Abstract Dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is characterized by changes in the outer retina, retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), and choroid. Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) has proven instrumental in analyzing these changes and further understanding the pathogenesis...
Book Chapter
Series: ESASO Course Series
Volume: 11
Published: 28 December 2020
10.1159/000485296
EISBN: 978-3-318-06643-2
... Abstract Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the most common cause of central vision loss in developed nations and its prevalence has been progressively increasing over the years. Although many factors have been shown to be involved in AMD pathogenesis, it is well established...
Book Chapter
Series: ESASO Course Series
Volume: 11
Published: 28 December 2020
10.1159/000485299
EISBN: 978-3-318-06643-2
... Abstract Early detection of neovascular age-related macular degeneration is vitally important so that treatment with vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitors can be initiated as soon as symptomatic exudation arises. Swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography (SS-OCTA...
Book Chapter
Series: ESASO Course Series
Volume: 11
Published: 28 December 2020
10.1159/000504924
EISBN: 978-3-318-06643-2
... Abstract Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of visual impairment in adults over the age of 55 years in industrialized countries. The intermediate stage of AMD is defined by the presence of large drusen and/or AMD pigmentary abnormalities on funduscopic examination...
Book Chapter
Series: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume: 43
Published: 04 May 2020
10.1159/000504487
EISBN: 978-3-318-06678-4
... have indicated a loss of vaccine efficacy in old age, and because this period coincides with the onset of T cell immunosenescence, the latter has often been implicated in the loss of vaccine responsiveness. This chapter examines changes in T cell homeostasis with age, and proposes mechanisms of how...
Book Chapter
Series: Interdisciplinary Topics in Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume: 43
Published: 04 May 2020
10.1159/000504479
EISBN: 978-3-318-06678-4
... Abstract Older people have reduced immune responses to infection and vaccination. B cell activation is key for the efficacy of the vaccine response, but there are several age-related changes in B cells which may contribute to the loss of vaccine efficacy. Different subpopulations of B cells...
Book Chapter
Series: Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine
Volume: 22
Published: 11 February 2020
10.1159/000495433
EISBN: 978-3-318-06621-0
... Abstract Being born small for gestational age (SGA), defined as a birth weight and/or length below –2 SDS, has several consequences. Short-term consequences include a higher mortality, hypothermia, and hypoglycemia. In the long term, being born SGA is associated with persistent short stature...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 54
Published: 21 August 2018
10.1159/000489517
EISBN: 978-3-318-06385-1
... Abstract Several studies have generally described the existence of differences of skin surface pH according to gender, age, and ethnicity, but these studies have reported inconsistent results, depending on anatomical sites, methods, and time of measurement. Overall, it could be summarized...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 54
Published: 21 August 2018
10.1159/000489531
EISBN: 978-3-318-06385-1
... Abstract In order to maintain skin in “good condition” one can use cosmetic products. Importantly, those skin care products should fulfil specific requirements for specific life phases and specific skin conditions. In this review, we focused on 2 different age groups - namely, infants...
Book Chapter
Series: Endocrine Development
Volume: 33
Published: 28 June 2018
10.1159/000487525
EISBN: 978-3-318-06143-7
.... Adolescents with childhood onset GH deficiency (GHD) show reduction of bone mineral density, decrease in lean body mass, increase in fat mass, and deterioration of the lipid profile. For this reason, continuation of GH replacement therapy in the transition age is recommended in all patients with a confirmed...
Book Chapter
Series: Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine
Volume: 21
Published: 11 December 2017
10.1159/000481327
EISBN: 978-3-318-06123-9
... Abstract Children are not just small adults. A number of anatomical and physiological features are different in children than in adults and biology at a young age differs from that of later ages. This has important implications not only in health care for the clinical management of disorders...
Book Chapter
Series: ESASO Course Series
Volume: 9
Published: 07 June 2017
10.1159/000471824
EISBN: 978-3-318-06068-3
... Abstract Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the main causes of visual deterioration in the developed nations. AMD comes in many forms but the most devastating form is the exudative (wet) type. Over the years, research into the pathophysiology of AMD has led to the discovery...
Book Chapter
Series: ESASO Course Series
Volume: 9
Published: 07 June 2017
10.1159/000471825
EISBN: 978-3-318-06068-3
... Abstract Neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a disease with the potential to cause significant visual impairment. The hallmark of this disease is the development of angiogenesis originating from the choroid or retina leading to various, potentially blinding, complications...
Book Chapter
Series: Current Problems in Dermatology
Volume: 51
Published: 01 September 2016
10.1159/000447370
EISBN: 978-3-318-05905-2
... Abstract The sudomotor mechanism, wich contributes to tolerating thermal environments, is affected by not only the body temperature, but also sex, ethnicity, exercise training, region, season, and heat adaptation. Aging attenuates the sudomotor function by the decreased peripheral sensitivity...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Volume: 39
Published: 03 August 2016
10.1159/000445414
EISBN: 978-3-318-05865-9
... is probably the most common comorbidity. Both psychiatric and somatic comorbidities have been shown to account for some of the premature mortality encountered in these neurological conditions. Comorbidities and age can also be important factors in the response and tolerance to treatment, and can alter...