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Book Cover Image
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 176
Published: 05 November 2009
10.1159/isbn.978-3-8055-9238-3
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9238-3
Book Chapter
Series: Advances in Biological Psychiatry
Volume: 24
Published: 28 February 2008
10.1159/000118512
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8483-8
... Abstract Objectives: To describe the main aspects of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), includingthe epidemiology, etiology, neurobiology, clinical features, comorbidities, diagnosis, outcome and treatment.Sources of Data: We performed a comprehensive, selective (nonsystematic...
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 176
Published: 05 November 2009
10.1159/000258453
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9238-3
... Abstract In cross-sectional studies, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults has been linked to the presence of several other psychiatric disorders. This diagnostic comorbidity is consistently found for antisocial personality disorder and also substance use disorders...
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 176
Published: 05 November 2009
10.1159/000258454
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9238-3
... Abstract Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is very frequent in offender populations. ‘Pure’ ADHD seldom occurs in these persons. The majority of individuals suffer from ADHD in combination with conduct disorder. The risk of developing antisocial and delinquent behavior during...
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 176
Published: 05 November 2009
10.1159/000258450
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9238-3
... Abstract Electrophysiological studies in adult attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) patients are still very sparse. Therefore, the first part of the chapter shortly reviews quantitative EEG (qEEG) as well as event-related potential (ERP) studies in children with ADHD. Basically, ADHD...
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 176
Published: 05 November 2009
10.1159/000258448
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9238-3
... Abstract Twin and family studies in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) did result in the findings of a strong heritable component (60–80%) of this disorder in children and adolescents. Twin studies have not yet been performed in adults. In addition to increased rates of ADHD...
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 176
Published: 05 November 2009
10.1159/000258452
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9238-3
... Abstract Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is meanwhile accepted as a valid diagnostic entity in adults. A comprehensive and thorough examination, using a multimodel approach, is essential to diagnose ADHD in adults. Several diagnostic instruments exist which serve as important...
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 176
Published: 05 November 2009
10.1159/000258455
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9238-3
... Abstract In contrast to the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents, few disorder-oriented psychotherapeutic approaches are currently available for the treatment of adults with ADHD. The development and the empirical examination of these began...
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 176
Published: 05 November 2009
10.1159/000258451
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9238-3
... Abstract This review provides an overview about recent findings in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) brain imaging. ADHD is understood as a developmental disorder and several studies have addressed brain development in children and adolescents. The hallmarks of impairment...
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 176
Published: 05 November 2009
10.1159/000258449
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9238-3
... Abstract Family, twin, and adoption studies support the notion that attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a highly heritable disorder. Following from these quantitative genetic findings, numerous molecular genetic associations and a few linkage studies have been performed during...
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 176
Published: 05 November 2009
10.1159/000258447
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9238-3
... Abstract Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common, genetically transmitted neurological disorder, with onset in childhood, probably mediated in part by decreased brain dopaminergic functioning. The first author and colleagues were among the earliest (1976) to describe...
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 176
Published: 05 November 2009
10.1159/000258456
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9238-3
... Abstract Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults is a common disorder which results in a lot of secondary problems. Pharmacological treatment is essential in the management of ADHD. Stimulant treatment has for decades been proven to be effective and safe. Amphetamine...
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 176
Published: 05 November 2009
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9238-3
... LE, LeFever FF: Adult Attention-Deficit Disorder - Brain Mechanisms and Life Outcomes New York, The New York Academy of Sciences, 2001;302-309 4. Weiss MD, Weiss JR: A guide to the treatment of adults with ADHD. J Clin Psychiatry 2004;65:(suppl 3)27-37 5. Safren SA, Sprich S, Chulvick S, Otto...
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 176
Published: 05 November 2009
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9238-3
... P: Childhood hyperactivity scores are highly heritable and show sibling competition effects: twin study evidence. Behav Genet 1995;25:537-544 20. Nadder TS, Silberg JL, Rutter M, et al: Comparison of multiple measures of ADHD symptomatology: a multivariate genetic analysis. J Child Psychol...
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 176
Published: 05 November 2009
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9238-3
.... Faraone SV, Biederman J, Chen WJ, Milberger S, Warburton R, Tsuang MT: Genetic heterogeneity in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): gender, psychiatric comorbidity, and maternal ADHD. J Abnorm Psychol 1995;104:334-345 12. Faraone SV, Biederman J, Mennin D, Russell R, Tsuang MT: Familial...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 106
Published: 12 February 2013
10.1159/000342531
EISBN: 978-3-318-02266-7
... on adverse reactions involving weight and growth. More specifically, the focus will be on weight loss due to the use of stimulants for attention-deficit disorder and hyperactivity (ADHD) and weight gain due to the use of antipsychotics. In addition, we will also discuss a reverse effect where weight loss...
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 176
Published: 05 November 2009
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9238-3
...: The course and outcome of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Primary Psychiatry 2004;11:42-48 6. Faraone SV, Biederman J: What is the prevalence of adult ADHD? Results of a population screen of 966 adults. J Atten Disord 2005;9:384-391 7. Kessler RC, Adler L, Ames M, Barkley RA, Birnbaum H...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Advances in Biological Psychiatry
Volume: 24
Published: 28 February 2008
10.1159/isbn.978-3-8055-8483-8
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8483-8
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 176
Published: 05 November 2009
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9238-3
... Psychiatry 2000;157:816-818 5. Kessler RC, Ader L, Barkley R, Biederman J, Conners CK, Demler O, Faraone SV, Greenhill LL, Howes MJ, Secnik K, Spencer T, Ustun TB, Walters EE, Zaslavsky AM: The prevalence and correlates of adult ADHD in the United States: results from the national comorbidity survey...
Book Chapter
Series: Key Issues in Mental Health
Volume: 180
Published: 11 February 2015
10.1159/000363561
EISBN: 978-3-318-02602-3
... developmental disorder - not otherwise specified) are no exemption. Here, the literature on ASD co-occurring with developmental disorders (such as ADHD), learning disorders, and problems that typically arise during childhood (e.g. oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder), and adulthood (e.g. anxiety...