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Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis

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Book Chapter
Published: 22 March 2011
10.1159/000322459
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9673-2
... complication of chronic liver failure, is also associated with increased risk of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP). The transmural migration of intestinal bacteria to the systemic circulation and then to the ascitic fluid seems to be a pathogenic mechanism. The prevalence of SBP in hospitalized cirrhotic...
Book Chapter
Published: 22 March 2011
10.1159/000322453
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9673-2
... transplantation, even in some patients with no prior history of heart disease. It contributes to the pathogenesis of hepatorenal syndrome following spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, and possibly also to diminished renal function in patients with advanced cirrhosis. Pathogenic mechanisms include cardiomyocyte...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 174
Published: 15 September 2011
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9811-8
...-1827 6. Follo A Llovet JM Navasa M, et al: Renal impairment after spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in cirrhosis: incidence, clinical course, predictive factors and prognosis. Hepatology 1994; 20: 1495-1501 7. Fernandez J Navasa M Planas R, et al: Primary prophylaxis of spontaneous bacterial...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 174
Published: 15 September 2011
10.1159/000329235
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9811-8
... that of type 2 is generally around 4-6 months [ 5 ]. Type 1 HRS is often induced by the occurrence of a precipitating event, in particular the development of a spontaneous bacterial peritonitis [ 6 , 7 ], given that almost one third of the patients with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis develop a nontransient...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Hormone Research
Volume: 52
Published: 05 February 2019
EISBN: 978-3-318-06383-7
... peritonitis in cirrhosis: course, predictive factors and prognosis. Hepatology 1994;20:1495-1501. 19. Thevenot T, Bureau C, Oberti F, et al: Effect of albumin in cirrhotic patient with infection other than spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. A randomized trial. J Hepatol 2015;62:822-830. 20. Ginès...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 27
Published: 13 November 2009
10.1159/000258345
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9309-0
... spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, prosthetic valve, valvulopathy following heart transplant, and congenital heart disease with one of the following: completely repaired cardiac defect using prosthetic material, partially corrected but with residual defect near prosthetic material, uncorrected cyanotic...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Hormone Research
Volume: 52
Published: 05 February 2019
10.1159/000493241
EISBN: 978-3-318-06383-7
... is also associated with the development of other complications of cirrhosis. Hyponatremia is common in patients with cirrhosis and bacterial infections, such as spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and skin infections, among others. In most patients, hyponatremia occurs in close association with acute kidney...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 165
Published: 04 May 2010
10.1159/000313759
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9473-8
... antibiotics in patients with cirrhosis and ascites to reduce the risk of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and variceal haemorrhage. Some patients with HRS may be relatively hypoadrenal, and should therefore be supported with hydrocortisone. Volume expansion with sodium-containing fluids may exacerbate...
Book
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Published: 07 April 2014
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-02510-1
EISBN: 978-3-318-02510-1
Book
Book Cover Image
Published: 22 March 2011
10.1159/isbn.978-3-8055-9673-2
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9673-2
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 57
Published: 25 September 1987
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-03321-2
EISBN: 978-3-318-03321-2
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 181
Published: 13 May 2013
10.1159/000349976
EISBN: 978-3-318-02390-9
..., the ascitic fluid should be examined microscopically and cultured for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. Bacteremia can occur even when the symptoms are localized to the abdomen. Intravenous antibiotics should be started following obtaining cultures and the treatment regimen should include penicillin...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 27
Published: 13 November 2009
10.1159/000258349
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9309-0
... not transfuse with platelets unless the total count is <20,000. In patients with advanced cirrhosis of the liver, we routinely administer intravenous vitamin K for at least 3 days. Antibiotic prophylaxis is mandatory as it associated with less variceal rebleeding and may also prevent spontaneous bacterial...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 27
Published: 13 November 2009
10.1159/000258348
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9309-0
..., such as spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, occur less frequently after EVL compared with EST [ 7 ]. Intravariceal EST for bleeding EV (‘white nipple’) with polidocanol 2%. Fig. 1. Intravariceal EST for bleeding EV (‘white nipple’) with polidocanol 2%. EBL (7 bands) for bleeding EV (‘white nipple’). Fig...
Book
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Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 85
Published: 29 November 1990
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-03349-6
EISBN: 978-3-318-03349-6
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 122
Published: 03 September 2021
10.1159/000514760
EISBN: 978-3-318-06647-0
... include several “imposters” such as ischemic intestinal necrosis, spontaneous intestinal perforation, food protein intolerance enterocolitis syndrome, and congenital anomalies of the bowel. As a result, progress in prevention and treatment of this disease has been slow. The pathophysiology...
Book
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Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 86
Published: 29 November 1990
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-03350-2
EISBN: 978-3-318-03350-2
Book
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Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 154
Published: 20 November 2006
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-01409-9
EISBN: 978-3-318-01409-9
Book
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Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 89
Published: 23 May 1991
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-03353-3
EISBN: 978-3-318-03353-3
Book
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Published: 16 May 1966
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-04854-4
EISBN: 978-3-318-04854-4