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Hepatorenal syndrome

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Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 188
Published: 18 May 2016
10.1159/000445465
EISBN: 978-3-318-05884-0
... Abstract Renal failure commonly occurs in patients affected by cirrhosis, especially when there is ascites. It is typically secondary to intercurrent events that can further compromise blood flow in conditions of relatively decreased renal perfusion. Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a particular...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 174
Published: 15 September 2011
10.1159/000329235
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9811-8
... Abstract Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a functional renal failure that often occurs in patients with cirrhosis and ascites. Two different types of HRS have been described. Type 1 HRS develops as a consequence of a severe reduction of effective circulating volume due to both an extreme...
Book Chapter
Published: 22 March 2011
10.1159/000322458
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9673-2
... renal fluid retention which accumulates as ascites and water retention and dilutional hyponatremia. At the latest phase of cirrhosis, when circulatory dysfunction is severe, renal vasoconstriction is intense and patients develop type 2 hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) and refractory ascites. Type 1 HRS...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 28
Published: 21 December 2010
10.1159/isbn.978-3-8055-9592-6
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9592-6
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 23
Published: 21 July 1980
10.1159/000389999
EISBN: 978-3-318-03287-1
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 156
Published: 10 May 2007
10.1159/000102011
EISBN: 978-3-318-01456-3
... Abstract Hepatorenal syndrome is a frequent complication in patients with cirrhosis, ascites andadvanced liver failure. Its annual incidence in patients with ascites has been estimated at 8%.Hepatorenal syndrome is a functional renal failure due to low renal perfusion. Renal histologyis normal...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 182
Published: 14 May 2013
10.1159/000349965
EISBN: 978-3-318-02407-4
..., or cirrhosis/hepatorenal syndrome were not included. Overall, multiple AKI biomarkers have been well characterized for utilization for AKI prognosis. These functional and damage markers can be used to assist in decisions related to triage of patients with AKI and identifying patients with who are at risk...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 165
Published: 04 May 2010
10.1159/000313759
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9473-8
..., and the lack of a consensus definition of AKI. There is a current consensus definition of hepatorenal syndrome (HRS), but in current clinical practice, volume-unresponsive AKI or acute tubular necrosis are much more common causes of AKI in patients with liver disease. Due to arterial vasodilatation...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 174
Published: 15 September 2011
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9811-8
...References References 1. Gines A Escorsell A Gines P, et al: Incidence, predictive factors and prognosis of the hepatorenal syndrome in cirrhosis with ascites. Gastroenterology 1993; 105: 229-236 2. Schrier RW Arroyo V Bernardi M, et al: Peripheral arteriolar vasodilation hypothesis...
Book Chapter
Published: 22 March 2011
10.1159/000322453
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9673-2
... transplantation, even in some patients with no prior history of heart disease. It contributes to the pathogenesis of hepatorenal syndrome following spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, and possibly also to diminished renal function in patients with advanced cirrhosis. Pathogenic mechanisms include cardiomyocyte...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 188
Published: 18 May 2016
EISBN: 978-3-318-05884-0
...References References 1. Ginès A, Escorsell A, Ginès P, et al: Incidence, predictive factors, and prognosis of the hepatorenal syndrome in cirrhosis with ascites. Gastroenterology 1993;105:229-236. 2. Ginès P, Schrier RW: Renal failure in cirrhosis. N Engl J Med 2009;361:1279-1290. 3...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 165
Published: 04 May 2010
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9473-8
... of refractory ascites and hepatorenal syndrome in cirrhosis. International Ascites Club. Hepatology 1996;23:164-176 5. Salerno F, Gerbes A, Ginès P, Wong F, Arroyo V: Diagnosis, prevention and treatment of hepatorenal syndrome in cirrhosis. Postgrad Med J 2008;84:662-670 6. Dagher L, Moore K...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Hormone Research
Volume: 52
Published: 05 February 2019
10.1159/000493241
EISBN: 978-3-318-06383-7
...% in patients with most advanced disease, such as those with refractory ascites or hepatorenal syndrome [ 1 ]. Hyponatremia is associated with increased mortality in patients with cirrhosis [ 1 , 2 , 3 ]. Moreover, some studies have shown that hyponatremia is a marker of prognosis in patients awaiting liver...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Hormone Research
Volume: 52
Published: 05 February 2019
EISBN: 978-3-318-06383-7
... A, Escorsell A, Ginès P, et al: Incidence, predictive factors, and prognosis of the hepatorenal syndrome in cirrhosis with ascites. Gastroenterology 1993;105:229-236. 21. Arroyo V, Ginès P, Gerbes AL, et al. Definition and diagnostic criteria of refractory ascites and hepatorenal syndrome in cirrhosis...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 164
Published: 05 May 2010
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9417-2
..., Simcha M: Fluid overload contributing to heart failure. Nephrol Dial Transplant 2005;20:(suppl 7)24-27 5. Iwatsuki S, Popovtzer MM, Corman JL, Ishikawa M, Putnam CW, Katz FH, Starzi TE: Recovery from ‘hepatorenal syndrome’ after orthotopic liver transplantation. N Engl J Med 1973;29:1155-1159 6...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 23
Published: 21 July 1980
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-03287-1
EISBN: 978-3-318-03287-1
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 174
Published: 15 September 2011
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9811-8
... Transplant 2008; 23: 1569-1574 4. Magan AA Khalil AA Ahmed MH: Terlipressin and hepatorenal syndrome: what is important for nephrologists and hepatologists. World J Gastroenterol 2010; 16: 5139-5147 5. Ronco C Haapio M House AA Anavekar N Bellomo R: Cardiorenal syndrome. J Am Coll Cardiol 2008...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 200
Published: 07 August 2023
EISBN: 978-3-318-07124-5
... of hepatorenal syndrome with extracorporeal albumin dialysis mars: results of a prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial. Liver Transplant. 2000;6(3):277–86. 25. Shen Y, Wang XL, Wang B, Shao JG, Liu YM, Qin Y, et al. Survival benefits with artificial liver support system for acute-on-chronic liver...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 200
Published: 07 August 2023
10.1159/000527343
EISBN: 978-3-318-07124-5
... ]. In conclusion, MARS therapy might have a role in bridging ALF patients to transplantation and recovery. MARS and ACLF Among the published studies on the use of MARS in ACLF, only a few have shown survival benefits. Mitzner et al. in a study involving subjects with ACLF and type 1 hepatorenal syndrome...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 174
Published: 15 September 2011
10.1159/isbn.978-3-8055-9811-8
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9811-8