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Circulatory dysfunction

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Book Chapter
Published: 22 March 2011
10.1159/000322458
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9673-2
... renal fluid retention which accumulates as ascites and water retention and dilutional hyponatremia. At the latest phase of cirrhosis, when circulatory dysfunction is severe, renal vasoconstriction is intense and patients develop type 2 hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) and refractory ascites. Type 1 HRS...
Book Chapter
Published: 22 March 2011
10.1159/000322450
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9673-2
... nitric oxide, a potent vasodilator that worsens circulatory dysfunction. The diagnosis of ACLF is based on the recognition of: (a) an history of recent event that was the precipitating factor of ACLF; (b) systemic inflammation, (c) the rapid worsening of liver function, and (d) the development...
Book Chapter
Series: Medicine and Sport Science
Volume: 53
Published: 10 September 2008
10.1159/000151550
EISBN: 978-3-8055-8649-8
... Abstract Reduced intestinal blood flow and high intestinal temperatures during exercise-heat stress can leadto intestinal barrier dysfunction. Such dysfunction may increase intestinal permeability to endotoxin.During exercise-heat stress, intestinal barrier dysfunction and endotoxemia can...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Microbiology
Volume: 17
Published: 31 May 2011
10.1159/000323983
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9711-1
... of procalcitonin levels in the serum. Since many septic patients are hospitalized in ICUs, complications associated with the development of multiple organ dysfunction/failure are important. Respiratory, circulatory and renal failures are the most frequent types of organ dysfunction in the ICU. Furthermore...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 178
Published: 30 May 2012
10.1159/000337850
EISBN: 978-3-318-02163-9
... overload because of the hemodynamic stability achieved from slow continuous removal of extracellular fluid and by absence of an arteriovenous access that may worsen cardiac dysfunction [ 17 ]. In fact, the recurrent circulatory stress of the extracorporeal system is often underestimated, but adversely...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 174
Published: 15 September 2011
10.1159/000329243
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9811-8
... output, a decrease in renal blood flow (RBF) could contribute to the development of AKI. In resuscitated septic patients with a hyperdynamic circulatory state, RBF is unchanged or increased. However, in resuscitated septic patients, sepsis-induced AKI can occur in the setting of renal hyperemia...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 200
Published: 07 August 2023
10.1159/000527573
EISBN: 978-3-318-07124-5
... Abstract Sepsis is a life-threatening syndrome initiated by a dysregulated host response to infection. Maladaptive inflammatory burst damages host tissues and causes organ dysfunction, the burden of which has been demonstrated as the paramount predictor of worse clinical outcomes...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 164
Published: 05 May 2010
10.1159/000313716
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9417-2
... in most randomized clinical trials. HF patients in NYHA class I should be distinguished from asymptomatic subjects with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. The former have objective evidence of cardiac dysfunction and a past history of HF symptoms/signs that have entirely resolved due to HF treatment...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 164
Published: 05 May 2010
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9417-2
... the mechanism of disease progression in heart failure. J Am Coll Cardiol 1992;20:248-254 6. Marenzi G, Lauri G, Grazi M, et al: Circulatory response to fluid overload removal by extracorporeal ultrafiltration in refractory congestive heart failure. J Am Coll Cardiol 2001;38:963-968 7. Bart BA, Boyle...
Book Chapter
Series: Else Kröner-Fresenius Symposia
Volume: 1
Published: 22 April 2010
10.1159/000312646
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9244-4
... associated with a functional decline in many tissues and organs, including impairment of immune function, muscle atrophy, skin wrinkling, bone fragility, decreased cognitive function, cardiac dysfunction, and increased cancer incidence. One common property shared by many of these age-related conditions...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Hormone Research
Volume: 52
Published: 05 February 2019
10.1159/000493241
EISBN: 978-3-318-06383-7
... plasma levels of arginine vasopressin (AVP). Among all these factors, the non-osmotic secretion of AVP from the neurohypophysis is considered to be the key mechanism [ 2 , 3 , 9 , 10 ]. In patients with advanced cirrhosis, there is circulatory dysfunction characterized by effective arterial hypovolemia...
Book
Book Cover Image
Published: 22 March 2011
10.1159/isbn.978-3-8055-9673-2
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9673-2
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 174
Published: 15 September 2011
10.1159/000329235
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9811-8
... circulatory dysfunction with low values of arterial pressure despite overactivity of the sympathetic nervous and renin-angiotensin systems, which according to the ‘arterial vasodilation hypothesis’ has been considered the consequence of arterial vasodilation, mainly in the splanchnic circulation [ 2 , 3...
Book Chapter
Series: Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine
Volume: 17
Published: 29 November 2013
EISBN: 978-3-318-02423-4
... of pediatric mechanical circulatory support before and after cardiac transplantation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2012;143:344-351. 3. Tuckuviene R, Christensen AL, Chan AK, Athale U: Body mass index and thromboembolism in children with hematological malignancies. Pediatr Blood Cancer 2012;59:320-322. 4...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Microbiology
Volume: 17
Published: 31 May 2011
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9711-1
...: Infections of respiratory or abdominal origin in ICU patients: what are the differences?. Crit Care 2010;14:R32 13. Fink MP, Evans TW: Mechanisms of organ dysfunction in critical illness: report from a Round Table Conference held in Brussels. Intensive Care Med 2002;28:369-375 14. Vincent JL, de...
Book Chapter
Series: Translational Research in Biomedicine
Volume: 8
Published: 10 May 2022
EISBN: 978-3-318-07054-5
.... Chuang YC, Tsai JL, Chang AYW, Chan JYH, Liou CW, Chan SHH. Dysfunction of the mitochondrial respiratory chain in the rostral ventrolateral medulla during experimental endotoxemia in the rat. J Biomed Sci. 2002;9:542–8. 29. Chuang YC, Chan JYH, Chang AYW, Sikorska M, Borowy-Borowski H, Liou CW, Chan...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 200
Published: 07 August 2023
EISBN: 978-3-318-07124-5
..., Carelli S, Pascale GD. The gut in critically ill patients: how unrecognized “7th organ dysfunction” feeds sepsis. Minerva Anestesiol. 2020;86:595–7. 18. Marshall J, Foster D, Vincent J, Cook D, Cohen J, Dellinger R, et al. Diagnostic and prognostic implications of endotoxemia in critical illness...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Advances in Cardiology
Volume: 23
Published: 14 February 1978
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-03089-1
EISBN: 978-3-318-03089-1
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 174
Published: 15 September 2011
10.1159/000329238
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9811-8
... mechanisms, and an inflammatory response is clearly implicated. We are beginning to unravel the important underlying processes whereby dysfunction in one organ influences another (so-called ‘crosstalk’) and starting to imagine how treatment of one organ dysfunction can improve function in a distant organ...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 182
Published: 14 May 2013
EISBN: 978-3-318-02407-4
..., and hospitalization. N Engl J Med 2004;351:1296-1305. 5. Beattie JN, Soman SS, Sandberg KR, Yee J, Borzak S, Garg M: Determinants of mortality after myocardial infarction in patients with advanced renal dysfunction. Am J Kidney Dis 2001;37:1191-1200. 6. Anavekar NS, McMurray JJ, Velazquez EJ, Solomon SD...