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Cardiac dysfunction

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Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 165
Published: 04 May 2010
10.1159/000313747
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9473-8
... dysfunction [ 5 ]. In managing hospitalized patients with HF, it is not always clear whether the selected therapy is achieving desired results, that is lowering cardiac filling pressure and relieving congestion and dyspnea. NP levels provide guidance in tailoring therapy to individual patients. Falling NP...
Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Published: 22 March 2011
10.1159/000322453
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9673-2
.... Recent work over the past decade indicates that cirrhotic cardiomyopathy plays a role in the pathogenesis of cardiac dysfunction after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt insertion, major surgery and liver transplantation. Cardiac dysfunction contributes to morbidity and mortality after liver...
Book Chapter
Published: 22 March 2011
10.1159/000322458
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9673-2
... is an acute deterioration in circulatory function due to an accentuation of both arterial vasodilation and cardiac dysfunction. The treatment of choice of tense ascites in cirrhosis is paracentesis associated with i.v. albumin infusion. Moderate sodium restriction and diuretics (spironolactone alone...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 165
Published: 04 May 2010
10.1159/000313746
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9473-8
... function leading to acute kidney injury (AKI) and/or dysfunction. Acute cardiac events that may contribute to AKI include acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF), acute coronary syndrome (ACS), cardiogenic shock and cardiac surgery-associated low cardiac output syndrome. Several studies have examined...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 170
Published: 08 June 2011
10.1159/000325781
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9743-2
... with the rising epidemic in diabetes are the resulting severe complications such as renal and cardiac dysfunction, amputations, impairment in vision and increased mortality. Since T2DM has such an enormous cost in terms of quality of life and mortality as well as economic cost, prevention of T2DM is an important...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 182
Published: 14 May 2013
10.1159/000349970
EISBN: 978-3-318-02407-4
... a brief overview of strategies for monitoring and therapeutic intervention. We offer a framework for reference for considering other disorders leading to CRS-5 where the development of cardiac and renal dysfunction is more insidious. Type 5 cardiorenal syndrome (CRS-5) occurs when an overwhelming...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 165
Published: 04 May 2010
10.1159/000313754
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9473-8
... and activated microglial cells (brain macrophages) that were associated with an increased number of pyknotic neurons [ 2 ]. Thus, CNS manifestations of AKI may be the result of distant effects of AKI-induced inflammation. AKI and Cardiac Dysfunction AKI is frequently associated with cardiac dysfunction...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 164
Published: 05 May 2010
10.1159/000313723
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9417-2
... a decline in GFR is detected. How much and for how long the kidneys will maintain the capacity to return to baseline GFR without cellular injury or prerenal azotemia is currently unknown but would likely be determined by the renal reserve and the severity of the cardiac dysfunction. In cardiorenal...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 165
Published: 04 May 2010
10.1159/000313745
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9473-8
... dysfunction through the activation of inflammatory pathways [ 8 , 18 ]. AKI induced by primary cardiac dysfunction implies inadequate renal perfusion until proven otherwise. This should prompt clinicians to consider the diagnosis of a low cardiac output state and/or marked increase in venous pressure leading...
Book
Book Cover Image
Published: 17 April 2017
10.1159/isbn.978-1-910797-46-4
EISBN: 978-1-910797-46-4
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 199
Published: 17 December 2021
10.1159/000517704
EISBN: 978-3-318-06937-2
... of CRS proposed by the “7th Acute Dialysis Quality Initiative Consensus” divides the syndrome into cardiorenal, when cardiac dysfunction leads to renal dysfunction, and renocardiac, when renal dysfunction leads to cardiac dysfunction [ 1 , 2 ]. Epidemiology The serum creatinine dosage represents...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 182
Published: 14 May 2013
EISBN: 978-3-318-02407-4
... systolic dysfunction. J Am Coll Cardiol 2000;35:681-689. 11. Wang LW, Fahim MA, Hayen A, Mitchell RL, Baines L, Lord S, Craig JC, Webster AC: Cardiac testing for coronary artery disease in potential kidney transplant recipients. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2001;7:1-104. 12. Chonchol M, Whittle J...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Hormone Research
Volume: 54
Published: 17 December 2021
10.1159/000513921
EISBN: 978-3-318-06791-0
... be caused by common agents as anthracyclines and HER2-directed monoclonal antibodies. Different definitions of LVD and CHF have been applied in different trials and over time, however, expert consensus recently defined anti-cancer treatment-related cardiac dysfunction as a decrease in ejection fraction...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 182
Published: 14 May 2013
EISBN: 978-3-318-02407-4
... metabolism of lactate, free fatty acids, glucose, and ketones in patients with septic shock. Circulation 1987;75:533-541. 9. Niederbichler AD, et al: An essential role for complement C5a in the pathogenesis of septic cardiac dysfunction. J Exp Med 2006;203:53-61. 10. Kumar A, et al: Tumor necrosis...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 182
Published: 14 May 2013
10.1159/000349966
EISBN: 978-3-318-02407-4
..., acute uremic myocyte dysfunction, and neurohormonal dysregulation. CRS type 4 is manifested by the acceleration of the progression of chronic heart failure in the setting of CKD. Cardiac myocyte dysfunction and fibrosis, so-called ‘CKD cardiomyopathy', is believed to be the predominant pathophysiologic...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Hormone Research
Volume: 51
Published: 04 December 2018
10.1159/000491044
EISBN: 978-3-318-06409-4
... dilation of all chambers, and a mean left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of 33% (normal range 55-70%). A very important aspect that emerges from this review is that cardiac dysfunction is drastically corrected for hypocalcemia, with resolution in 46 out of the 47 cases (98%). Recently, a 68-year...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 182
Published: 14 May 2013
EISBN: 978-3-318-02407-4
..., Navis G, Smilde TD, Voors AA, van der Bij W, van Veldhuisen DJ, Hillege HL: Decreased cardiac output, venous congestion and the association with renal impairment in patients with cardiac dysfunction. Eur J Heart Fail 2007;9:872-878. 26. Testani JM, Kimmel SE, Dries DL, Coca SG: Prognostic importance...