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Ascites

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Book Chapter
Published: 22 March 2011
10.1159/000322458
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9673-2
... renal fluid retention which accumulates as ascites and water retention and dilutional hyponatremia. At the latest phase of cirrhosis, when circulatory dysfunction is severe, renal vasoconstriction is intense and patients develop type 2 hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) and refractory ascites. Type 1 HRS...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Frontiers of Gastrointestinal Research
Volume: 28
Published: 21 December 2010
10.1159/isbn.978-3-8055-9592-6
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9592-6
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Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Surgery
Volume: 3
Published: 30 November 1962
10.1159/000386267
EISBN: 978-3-318-04133-0
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Hormone Research
Volume: 52
Published: 05 February 2019
EISBN: 978-3-318-06383-7
..., Rodes J, Schrier R (eds): Ascites and Renal Dysfunction in Liver Disease, ed 2. Oxford, Blackwell Publishing, 2005, pp 305-314. 11. Kwon TH, Hager H, Nejsum LN, et al: Physiology and pathophysiology of renal aquaporins. Semin Nephrol 2001;21:231-238. 12. Guevara M, Baccaro ME, Torre A, et al...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 178
Published: 30 May 2012
10.1159/000337854
EISBN: 978-3-318-02163-9
.... Potential applications include daily home dialysis, treatment of acute renal failure in the ICU, ultrafiltration of ascites, and the wearable artificial kidney. Standard continuous ambulatory and automated peritoneal dialysis (CAPD, APD) have experienced slow growth, and even declining market share...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 188
Published: 18 May 2016
10.1159/000445465
EISBN: 978-3-318-05884-0
... Abstract Renal failure commonly occurs in patients affected by cirrhosis, especially when there is ascites. It is typically secondary to intercurrent events that can further compromise blood flow in conditions of relatively decreased renal perfusion. Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a particular...
Book Chapter
Published: 22 March 2011
10.1159/000322459
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9673-2
... Abstract Bacterial infections are a common complication of patients with chronic liver failure such as cirrhosis. Cirrhotic patients are susceptible to bacterial infections and rapid deterioration may follow after infection, which adversely affects survival. Ascites, which is the most common...
Book Chapter
Series: Frontiers of Hormone Research
Volume: 52
Published: 05 February 2019
10.1159/000493241
EISBN: 978-3-318-06383-7
...% in patients with most advanced disease, such as those with refractory ascites or hepatorenal syndrome [ 1 ]. Hyponatremia is associated with increased mortality in patients with cirrhosis [ 1 , 2 , 3 ]. Moreover, some studies have shown that hyponatremia is a marker of prognosis in patients awaiting liver...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 165
Published: 04 May 2010
10.1159/000313759
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9473-8
...% patients with cirrhosis and even fewer patients with acute liver failure. The definition of HRS was originally agreed by a consensus meeting of the International Ascites Club ( table 1 ) [ 5 ], and further defined as type 1 : progressive renal impairment with a doubling of serum creatinine to >250 mg/dl...
Book Chapter
Series: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume: 113
Published: 17 April 2015
10.1159/000360333
EISBN: 978-3-318-02691-7
... Cholestasis Cirrhosis Biliary atresia Vitamins Key Messages • Nutritional issues are common in children with cholestatic liver disease • Patients need special attention to prevent fat-soluble vitamin deficiencies • Cirrhosis and ascites require fluid and electrolyte...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 156
Published: 10 May 2007
10.1159/000102011
EISBN: 978-3-318-01456-3
... Abstract Hepatorenal syndrome is a frequent complication in patients with cirrhosis, ascites andadvanced liver failure. Its annual incidence in patients with ascites has been estimated at 8%.Hepatorenal syndrome is a functional renal failure due to low renal perfusion. Renal histologyis normal...
Book
Book Cover Image
Series: Monographs in Clinical Cytology
Volume: 5
Published: 11 May 1977
10.1159/isbn.978-3-318-03984-9
EISBN: 978-3-318-03984-9
Book Chapter
Series: Progress in Respiratory Research
Volume: 34
Published: 07 October 2005
10.1159/000088605
EISBN: 978-3-318-01240-8
... markedvariation in the presence and severity of disease may be dueto modifier genes. Most cases are detected on routine screeningand only a small proportion present with variceal bleeding,ascites or persistent jaundice. Abnormalities of liver functiontests have a low sensitivity and specificity and the presence...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 174
Published: 15 September 2011
10.1159/000329235
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9811-8
... Abstract Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a functional renal failure that often occurs in patients with cirrhosis and ascites. Two different types of HRS have been described. Type 1 HRS develops as a consequence of a severe reduction of effective circulating volume due to both an extreme...
Book Chapter
Series: Contributions to Nephrology
Volume: 165
Published: 04 May 2010
EISBN: 978-3-8055-9473-8
... of refractory ascites and hepatorenal syndrome in cirrhosis. International Ascites Club. Hepatology 1996;23:164-176 5. Salerno F, Gerbes A, Ginès P, Wong F, Arroyo V: Diagnosis, prevention and treatment of hepatorenal syndrome in cirrhosis. Postgrad Med J 2008;84:662-670 6. Dagher L, Moore K...