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Objective: This article reviews the distribution and determinants of injuries reported inthe pediatric ice hockey literature, and suggests potential injury prevention strategies anddirections for further research. Data Sources: Thirteen electronic databases, the ISI Web ofScience, and ‘grey literature’ databases were searched using a combination of MedicalSubject Headings and text words to identify potentially relevant articles. The bibliographiesof selected studies were searched to identify additional articles. Studies were selected forreview based on predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Main Results: A comparisonbetween studies on this topic area was difficult due to the variability in research designs,definition of injury, study populations, and measurements used to assess injury. The majorityof injuries were sustained during games compared with practices. The two mostcommonly reported injuries were sprains/strains and contusions. Players competing at theMinor hockey, High School, and Junior levels of competition sustained most of their injuriesto the upper extremity, head, and lower extremity, respectively. The primary mechanism ofinjury was body checking, followed by stick and puck contact. The frequency of catastrophiceye injuries has been significantly reduced with the world-wide mandation of full facialprotection for all Minor hockey players. Conclusions: Specific hockey-related injury riskfactors are poorly delineated and rarely studied among pediatric ice hockey players leavinglarge gaps in the knowledge of appropriate prevention strategies. Risk management strategiesshould be focused at avoiding unnecessary foreseeable risk, and controlling the risksinherent to the sport. Suggestions for injury prevention and future research are discussed.

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Subject: Epidemiology of Pediatric Sports InjuriesTeam Sports > 86 - 119: Ice Hockey Injuries

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