Improved conditions of care for premature infants have led to markedly increased survival rates over the last few decades, particularly in very low and extremely low birth weight infants. Nutritional measures play a central role in the long-term outcome, health and quality of life of these premature infants. In this publication, leading experts from all 5 continents present the most recent evidence and critical analyses of nutrient requirements and the practice of nutritional care (with the focus on very low birth weight infants) to provide guidance for clinical application. After the introductory chapters, covering nutritional needs and research evidence in a more general manner, topics such as amino acids and proteins, lipids, microminerals and vitamins, parenteral and enteral nutrition as well as approaches to various disease conditions are addressed. Due to its focus on critical appraisals and recommendations, this book is of interest not only for the researcher who wants to keep up to date, but also for the clinician faced with premature infants in his practice.
64 - 81: Energy Requirements, Protein-Energy Metabolism and Balance, and Carbohydrates in Preterm Infants
William W. Hay, Jr., Laura D. Brown, Scott C. Denne, 2014. "Energy Requirements, Protein-Energy Metabolism and Balance, and Carbohydrates in Preterm Infants", Nutritional Care of Preterm Infants: Scientific Basis and Practical Guidelines, B. Poindexter, B. Koletzko, R. Uauy
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