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Keywords: Endocast
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Journal Articles
Brain Behav Evol (2023) 98 (2): 107–120.
Published Online: 22 June 2023
... high levels of gyrification and brain complexity. The evolutionary history of the camelid brain has been described as involving unique neocortical growth dynamics which may have led to its current state. However, these inferences are based on their fossil endocast record from approximately ∼40 Mya...
Journal Articles
Brain Behav Evol (2021) 96 (2): 78–90.
Published Online: 10 November 2021
... in order to relate the origin of the complex mysticete behavioral repertoire to the evolution of specific neural substrates. Here, the first description of the virtual endocast of a fossil balaenopterid species, Marzanoptera tersillae from the Italian Pliocene, reveals an EQ of around 3, which...
Journal Articles
Brain Behav Evol (2019) 92 (3-4): 167–181.
Published Online: 03 April 2019
... by multiplying the volume of the endocast with the specific gravity of the brain (published densities range from 1,027 to 1,100 g/cm 3 , see Cuff et al. [2017]). Jerison [1973] indicated that the difference between brain weight and EV is smaller than the order of magnitude of the errors of measurement. He...
Journal Articles
Brain Behav Evol (2018) 91 (3): 125–135.
Published Online: 10 August 2018
...(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements. Aves Cerebellum Endocast Forebrain Theropoda Original Paper Brain Behav Evol 2018;91:125 135 DOI: 10.1159/000488890...
Journal Articles
Brain Behav Evol (2018) 91 (2): 65–81.
Published Online: 10 April 2018
... compared between the two species as well as within each species by sex. Three-dimensional virtual endocasts of endocranial airspace were created from computed tomography scans of 52 coyote skulls (28 female, 24 male; 1 day to 13.4 years) and 46 gray wolf skulls (25 female, 21 male; 1 day to 7.9 years). Age...
Journal Articles
Brain Behav Evol (2017) 90 (4): 311–333.
Published Online: 08 November 2017
... rather than reliable determination. Accordingly, here we use micro-CT scans of the skulls of 1 Dinocephalia and 3 Biarmosuchia, which are NMT with a fully ossified braincase and thus a complete endocast. For the first time, our work enables the accurate determination of endocranial shape and size in NMT...
Journal Articles
Brain Behav Evol (2017) 88 (3-4): 187–203.
Published Online: 10 January 2017
... fissuse. Dorsolateral ( b ) and ventrolateral ( c ) views of a laser scan of a Canis mesomelas endocast. The area marked in red indicates the measured cortical area. The area is bordered ventrally by the rhinal fissure and rostrally by the entry of the olfactory tract. d Perspective rostrolateral view...
Journal Articles
Brain Behav Evol (2014) 84 (2): 117–134.
Published Online: 20 September 2014
...Simon Neubauer Brains are not preserved in the fossil record but endocranial casts are. These are casts of the internal bony braincase, revealing approximate brain size and shape, and they are also informative about brain surface morphology. Endocasts are the only direct evidence of human brain...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
Brain Behav Evol (2013) 81 (3): 154–169.
Published Online: 06 June 2013
... endocasts we show that, with the exception of the subfamilies Macroscelidinae and Tenrecoidea, most Afroinsectiphilia display a more or less gyrencephalic and ventrally expanded neopallium, two derived features that are unexpected for these insectivore-grade afrotherians. This implies that the endocranial...
Journal Articles
Brain Behav Evol (2012) 79 (4): 275–289.
Published Online: 18 June 2012
... life history does not differ between male and female cougars; both are solitary. Three-dimensional virtual endocasts were created using computed tomography from the skulls of 14 adult African lions (8 male, 6 female) and 14 cougars (7 male, 7 female). Endocranial volume and basal skull length were...
Journal Articles
Brain Behav Evol (2011) 77 (2): 91–104.
Published Online: 17 February 2011
...) lives in groups of up to 14 individuals; and the spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta) lives in complex hierarchically organized groups containing up to 90 animals. Computed tomography was used to create three-dimensional endocasts based on serial analysis of coronal sections of the adult endocranium...
Journal Articles
Brain Behav Evol (2011) 76 (3-4): 185–197.
Published Online: 17 November 2010
.... Here we sought to determine whether the divergent life histories of male and female spotted hyenas are linked to differences in brain size or organization. Three-dimensional virtual endocasts were created using computed tomography from 46 spotted hyenas skulls (23 females, 22 males, 1 unknown sex...