The connections of the lateral preglomerular nucleus were examined wjth the fluorescent tracer DiI in a cyprinid, a characin, a catfish and a gymnotoid species. In all of these taxa the lateral preglomerular nucleus receives inputs from the torus semicircularis and projects to the telencephalon. Cytoarchitectural and topological data further support the hypothesis that the lateral preglomerular nucleus is homologous among the species examined. A cladistic analysis of species differences, however, reveals that some connections of the lateral preglomerular nucleus have changed dramatically during the course of evolution. Some of the cell groups that are interconnected with the lateral preglomerular nucleus have increased in size, while others have decreased. Increases in the number of subdivisions of cell groups are frequently associated with size increases, but they may also be associated with size decreases. Some of the connections between cell groups have increased in strength, whereas others have decreased in strength, but these connectional changes bear no simple relationship to phylogenetic changes in the size of the cell groups. Phylogenetic increases in the number of subdivisions within a cell group may be associated with selective gains of connections, but they may be associated also with selective losses of connections or with no major changes in connections. Furthermore, several cell groups and connections appear to have evolved 'de novo', whereas others have disappeared during the course of evolution. Finally, the individual cell groups within this system of interconnected nuclei have changed largely independently of one another. These findings establish that brain evolution is not dominated by a single type of phylogenetic change.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.