This paper attempts to investigate taxonomic and phylogenetic relationships through an analysis of the distribution of mass within the brain. A multivariate analysis was performed on encephalization ratios for various divisions of the brain, employing volume measurements reported for 63 species by Stephan et al. [1970]. The ratios for each brain region were considered to lie along one of the dimensions of eight dimensional ''brain space'', and distances between all species were calculated and employed in the determination of ''family trees''. It was assumed that modern species have, in many cases, brains representative of different stages of an evolutionary progression towards higher encephalization, and it was assumed that no ''backwards evolution'' occurred. The family trees based on these data and assumptions were rigidly determined and do not represent mere opinion but, rather, inescapable conclusions if one accepts the premises. Most of the findings were in very good agreement with traditional or popular ideas, and this includes conclusions that tree shrews were ancestral to prosimians and that simians are derived from a tarsioid ancestor. Other findings, however, were just as strikingly deviant from current popular and expert thought. Present methods demanded, for example, that man must have a platyrrhine ancestry. While one may reject this particular conclusion it remains true that by present measures the human brain is much more like that of an American wooley or spider monkey than like that of either the chimpanzee or the gorilla.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.