The efficient and systematic development of a middle ear prosthesis necessitates the use of computer models for the prosthesis itself and the reconstructed middle ear. The structure and parameters of the computer model have to be verified by specific measurements of the implant and the reconstructed ear. To obtain a realistic model of a reconstructed ear, three steps of modeling and measurements have been carried out. To get a first approach of the coupling elements a mechanical test rig representing a simplified reconstructed middle ear was built. The velocity of the stapedial footplate was measured with a laser Doppler vibrometer. The corresponding computer model was formulated, and the respective parameters were determined using the measured dynamical transfer functions. In the second step, a prosthesis was implanted into a human temporal bone without inner ear. Exciting this system with noise, the velocity of the stapes footplate was measured with the laser Doppler vibrometer. Based on the multibody system approach, a mechanical computer model was generated to describe the spatial motions of the reconstructed ossicular chain. Varying some significant parameters, simulations have been carried out. To describe the dynamical behavior of the system consisting of middle and inner ear, the computer model used in the second step has been enlarged by adding a simplified structure of the inner ear. The results were compared with in situ measurements taken from living humans.

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