Background/Objective: It has been suggested that central auditory processing dysfunction might precede the development of cognitive decline and Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The Dichotic Digits Test (DDT) has been proposed as a test of central auditory function. Our objective was to evaluate the predictive capacity of the DDT in conversion from mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to dementia. Methods: A total of 57 participants (26 females) with MCI were tested at baseline with pure tone audiometry, speech in quiet and in noise, and the DDT. The cognitive outcome was retrieved from medical files after 5 years. Groupwise comparisons of the baseline DDT scores were performed and the relative risk was calculated. Results: Altogether 22 subjects developed any kind of dementia. Of the original 57 individuals within the MCI group, 15 developed AD and 7 developed other types of dementia. There was no significant difference in baseline DDT scores between the participants who converted to AD and those who did not. However, the group who developed other types of dementia (especially frontotemporal dementia) had lower DDT scores in the left ear than those participants who did not develop dementia. With a baseline DDT score below 50% correct responses, the participants diagnosed with MCI had a 2.49-times-higher risk of developing dementia than those with scores of 50% or better. Conclusion: The DDT as a central auditory test may be suitable when evaluating cognitive decline.

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