In the article “IUNS 22nd International Congress of Nutrition – Abstracts” [Ann Nutr Metab 2023;79(suppl 1):14–1172, https://doi.org/10.1159/000530786], two abstracts were not correctly published in error by the conference organizers. The organizers apologize for the inconvenience and provide the two aforementioned abstracts below.

Jen Burns, Idriss Leko, Kaled Djibo Mamoudou, Abigail Conrad, Lisa Sherburne, Avril Amstrong

JSI Research Institute (USA)

Background and objectives: The majority of women of reproductive age and children 6–24 months consume a diet of inadequate dietary diversity in Niger. Lack of dietary diversity contributes to micronutrient deficiencies, which are rampant in Niger. Coverage of vitamin A and iron-folic acid (IFA) supplementation is inconsistent and quality implementation is constrained by multifaceted barriers. These issues constrain reductions in iron deficiency among women of reproductive age and vitamin A deficiency among children under 5. We conducted qualitative research to identify the factors that influence access and adherence to iron and folic acid (IFA) and vitamin A supplementation as well as consumption of vitamin A- and iron-rich foods among women of reproductive age, adolescent girls (10–14 years), and children under 5 in three project districts in Maradi and Zinder.

Methods: This is a qualitative formative research study. We purposively selected two communities per district to capture variation in livelihoods and access to health centers. The data collection methods used were focus group discussions, group interviews, and semi-structured interviews. The data collection guides used open-ended and semi-structured questions in addition to cognitive mapping and participatory approaches. The study included a purposive sample of 227 respondents across five respondent groups – pregnant women and female caregivers of children under 5, adolescent girls (10–14 years), family influencers (i.e., fathers, mothers-in-law), community leaders and influencers, and 32 health workers or volunteers. We will code the data in ATLAS.ti and use thematic analysis to analyze the data. The pile sort data which will be analyzed using cluster analysis or non-metric multidimensional scaling in statistical software.

Results: The results of the study are expected in April 2022. The results will provide information about the factors that influence access and adherence to IFA supplementation among pregnant women, and the factors that inhibit and enable vitamin-A supplementation for children under five. The results will also provide information about the factors that influence the consumption of vitamin A- and iron-rich foods among these populations, including food access and social norms.

Conclusions: The results will be used to inform social and behavior change strategies, and various program interventions aiming to improve the prevention and treatment of iron deficiency anemia and vitamin A deficiency.

Conflict of Interest Disclosure: None.

Keywords: micronutrients, dietary diversity, adolescents

Edwige Landais1, Mathilda Miotto-Plessis1, Christophe Bene2, Elodie Maitre d’Hotel3, Truong T Mai4, Jerome W Somé5, Eric O Verger1

1. French Nationale Research Institute for Sustainable Development (IRD) (France); 2. Alliance Bioversity International – CIAT (Netherlands); 3. French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development (CIRAD) (France); 4. National Institute of Nutrition (NIN) (Viet Nam); 5. Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (Burkina Faso)

Background and objectives: Consumption away from home (CAFH) represents an increasing share of people’s food consumption worldwide, although occurring at different pace and differently according to countries and individuals. Two previous systematic reviews that almost exclusively included studies conducted in high-income countries (HIC) reported that overall CAFH negatively affects individual’s diet. To our knowledge there is no systematic review focusing on low and middle-income countries (LMIC). Therefore, the objectives of the present review were: i) to describe CAFH in apparently healthy population in LMIC; ii) to investigate the association between CAFH and energy intake and diet quality.

Methods: A structured search strategy was developed to retrieve peer-reviewed articles published in English from March 2011 until May 2021 in three databases. Of the 475 studies retrieved, 40 met the PICOS criteria and were analysed.

Results: Out of the 12 countries represented in the review, there was an over representation of Brazil, China and Malaysia that accounted for almost three-quarters of the included studies. There was no homogeneity in the definition of CAFH, or in the reference period for which CAFH was reported, making comparisons or synthetises difficult. Overall, several factors such as being a male, being young, high socio-economic status, high education and urbanicity were positively associated with CAFH. Studies investigating energy intake (n = 6) reported that a higher CAFH was positively associated with a higher energy intake (up to 35% of total intake). Moreover, CAFH was associated with higher sodium, fats and sugar intakes (n = 8). Additionally, studies investigating the association between CAFH and diet (n = 16) reported that a high CAFH was associated with poorer diet e.g. western/industrialized dietary patterns, higher consumption of ultra-processed foods, ready meals, alcohol and sweet beverages and poorer diet quality score.

Conclusions: As reported in HIC, CAFH in LMICs is non-negligible and varies greatly according to countries and population under investigation. The drivers of this behaviour, as well as its potential impact on energy intake and diet quality seems similar in LMIC compared to HIC. However, more research is needed on a larger scale in LMIC especially with regard to the potential consequences of CAFH for health.

Conflict of Interest Disclosure: None.

Keywords: consumption away from home, low and middle-income countries, diet quality, energy intake

The abstract PAB(T3)-97 “Breakfast habits of newly enrolled women’s university students and related factors in a Japanese registered dietitian training school” [Ann Nutr Metab 2023;79(suppl 1):14–1172, https://doi.org/10.1159/000530786] by Ken’ichi Egawa, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Yoshie Kanazawa, Mitsuhiko Hara, Haruko Sakai, Emiko Saito, Naoko Shirota, Maki Kubo, Mihoko Nishimura has been removed by the current Publisher and the Editor on the request of the ethics committee of the authors’ university.

The original online article has been updated to reflect these changes.