Background/Aims: To evaluate the metabolic effects of meals with varying glycemic index (GI). Methods: We measured the glucose, insulin and leptin responses to two contrasting breakfast cereals in a group of 10 young healthy volunteers. Meals were provided on two separate occasions in random order after a 12-hour overnight fast, and consisted of 50 g of available carbohydrate from either Corn Flakes (Kellogg’s), or Fiber One® (General Mills). Blood samples were obtained at rest, and 30, 60, 90 and 120 min after eating. The GI was calculated from the glucose response to the test meal normalized against a 50 g oral glucose load. Results: The GI for Corn Flakes was 125 ± 17 units and 49 ± 8 units for Fiber One®. These meals were classified as high GI and low GI, respectively, and were significantly different from each other (p < 0.0003). The area under the insulin response curve (AUC) following the low glycemic meal was significantly attenuated compared to the high glycemic meal (14,064 ± 2,694 vs. 6,828 ± 1,182 pmol/l·min, p < 0.02). The leptin AUC revealed that circulating leptin was suppressed by the high glycemic meal compared to the low (3.1 ± 1.5 vs. 9.6 ± 3.6 ng/ml·min, p < 0.04). Conclusions: Lower insulin and higher leptin suggests that low glycemic meals promote a postprandial metabolic milieu that is favorable for reduced food consumption; this may be advantageous in the control of obesity and related disorders including insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.