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Keywords: Sodium
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Journal Articles
Subject Area:
Nephrology
Am J Nephrol (2020) 51 (3): 182–191.
Published Online: 18 February 2020
...Horacio J. Adrogué; Ahmed A. Awan; Nicolaos E. Madias Background: We have previously investigated the fate of administered bicarbonate infused as a hypertonic solution in animals with each of the 4 chronic acid-base disorders. Those studies did not address the fate of sodium, the coadministered...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
Subject Area:
Nephrology
Am J Nephrol (2019) 50 (1): 11–18.
Published Online: 19 June 2019
...Horacio J. Adrogué; Sreedhar Mandayam; Hocine Tighiouart; Nicolaos E. Madias Background: The Edelman equation has long guided the expected response of plasma [Na + ] to changes in sodium, potassium, and water balance, but recent short-term studies challenged its validity. Plasma [Na + ] following...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
Subject Area:
Nephrology
Am J Nephrol (2017) 46 (1): 26–36.
Published Online: 07 June 2017
...). An estimated U osm (eU osm ) based on the concentrations of sodium, potassium, and urea, and a urine concentrating index (UCI) based on the ratio of creatinine concentrations in urine and plasma were compared to the measured U osm (mU osm ). Results: eU osm is an excellent surrogate of mU osm , with a highly...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
Subject Area:
Nephrology
Am J Nephrol (2012) 35 (4): 379–386.
Published Online: 13 April 2012
... to in the content or advertisements. Angiotensin II Electrolytes Hypertension Potassium Sodium The balance of Na + and K + involve the intracellular and extracellular distribution of these ions. The Na + /K + ATPase distributes these ions such that Na + is the most abundant extraceullar ion...
Journal Articles
Subject Area:
Nephrology
Am J Nephrol (2012) 35 (3): 265–270.
Published Online: 23 February 2012
... in critically ill patients. Urea, by inducing renal water excretion and promoting sodium (Na) retention, has been well described as a treatment for chronic SIADH. However, there are limited data on its use for the treatment of SIADH as encountered in patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). We...
Journal Articles
Subject Area:
Nephrology
Am J Nephrol (1991) 11 (6): 447–450.
Published Online: 28 October 2008
.... There was no difference in values for serum potassium, bicarbonate, phosphate and calcium between the two groups. Nineteen patients in group 2 and 21 patients in group 1 were hypokalemic. The mean serum sodium level was higher (p < 0.001) in group 1 patients (148.8 ± 2.1 mEq/l) than in group 2 patients (135.0 ± 1.1...
Journal Articles
Subject Area:
Nephrology
Am J Nephrol (1992) 12 (3): 137–143.
Published Online: 28 October 2008
... evaluations of cellular sodium metabolism in Bartter patients showed extremely variable findings. We have examined in the red blood cells of two patients with Bartter’s syndrome the intracellular Na + and K + concentrations, the activity of the ouabain-sensitive Na + /K + pump, furosemide-sensitive Na + /K...
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
Journal Articles
Subject Area:
Nephrology
Am J Nephrol (1995) 15 (3): 222–229.
Published Online: 28 October 2008
... < 0.05). As compared with placebo, ANP significantly increased renal sodium excretion in all groups, but low-renin patients had a greater ANP-induced increase in natriuresis (p < 0.05 at 120 min) than normal-renin hypertensives (NS) and control subjects (NS). The glomemlar filtration rate increased...
Journal Articles
Subject Area:
Nephrology
Am J Nephrol (1985) 5 (3): 163–168.
Published Online: 24 October 2008
...John T. Daugirdas; Razan R. Al-Kudsi; Todd S. Ing; Marija J. Norusis In a double-blind, crossover trial, 7 chronic hemodialysis patients underwent three 4-week treatment periods. During one period, dialysate contained 135mEq/l sodium. During another period, dialysate contained 143 mEq/l sodium...
Journal Articles
Subject Area:
Nephrology
Am J Nephrol (1987) 7 (1): 33–37.
Published Online: 24 October 2008
... and a wide range of plasma aldosterone levels, and compared the data with those obtained in 7 healthy subjects. The studies were done under conditions of fixed sodium and potassium intake. In the normal subjects, aldosterone infusion caused a significant rise in potassium excretion and a significant fall...
Journal Articles
Subject Area:
Nephrology
Am J Nephrol (1983) 3 (2-3): 80–87.
Published Online: 22 October 2008
... from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements. Salt Sodium Hypertension Am. J. Nephrol. 3: 80-87 (1983) Salt and Hypertension Louis Tobian University of Minnesota Hospital. Minneapolis, Minn., USA © 1983 S. Karger AG. Basel 0250-8095/83/0033...
Journal Articles
Subject Area:
Nephrology
Am J Nephrol (1983) 3 (2-3): 88–91.
Published Online: 22 October 2008
... to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements. Essential hypertension Sodium Na + -K + -ATPase G6PD stimulation Am. J. Nephrol. 3: 88-91 (1983) ©1983 S. Karger AG, Basel 0250-8095/83/0033-0088S2.75/0 The Role...
Journal Articles
Subject Area:
Nephrology
Am J Nephrol (2007) 27 (5): 447–457.
Published Online: 26 July 2007
...David Zeltser; Steven Rosansky; Hannes van Rensburg; Joseph G. Verbalis; Neila Smith Background: Most cases of hyponatremia – serum sodium concentration ([Na + ]) <135 mEq/l (<135 m M ) – are associated with an elevated plasma arginine vasopressin level. This study investigated the efficacy...
Journal Articles
Subject Area:
Nephrology
Am J Nephrol (2006) 26 (4): 348–355.
Published Online: 15 September 2006
...Karen E. Yeates; A. Ross Morton Hyponatremia is a common electrolyte disorder associated with potentially serious or life-threatening consequences. Serum osmolality and sodium concentration [Na + ] are regulated by thirst, the hormone arginine vasopressin (AVP), and renal water and sodium handling...