Calciphylaxis is a disease of dermal arteriolar calcification that results in necrosis. It commonly occurs in individuals with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis and is associated with a high morbidity and mortality. Warfarin use is an identified risk factor. Twenty patients with ESRD on dialysis with calciphylaxis who were treated with apixaban for indications of deep vein thrombosis or atrial fibrillation were identified. There were no reports of thrombosis. Three individuals experienced bleeding requiring a transfusion, and anticoagulation was resumed without further event. Findings suggest that apixaban may be a safe and effective alternative to warfarin in patients with ESRD on dialysis with calciphylaxis.

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