Introduction: Haemodiafiltration (HDF) has been reported to improve erythropoietin (EPO) responsiveness and phosphate clearance. We prospectively audited the effect of HDF on EPO dosages, weight and serum phosphate. Methods: 34 patients dialyzing on Tu/Th/Sa switched to HDF, and 44 dialyzing on M/W/F remained on high-flux haemodialysis (HD) and were followed for 12 months. Results: Dialysis adequacy (Kt/V start HDF 1.56 ± 0.03 vs. HD 1.58 ± 0.04 and 12 months 1.55 ± 0.03 vs. 1.59 ± 0.03), haemoglobin (start 11.7 ± 0.3 vs. 11,8 ± 0.2 g/dl and end 11.5 ± 0.1 vs. 11.3 ± 0.3 g/dl), weight (start 69.8 ± 2.4 vs. 67.8 ± 2.5 kg and end 67.4 ± 2.5 vs. 66.1 ± 2.3 kg), or EPO prescription (start 83 (61–186) vs. 123 (71–225) IU/kg/weeks and 12 months 142 (48–188) vs. 124 (59–223) IU/kg/weeks) did not differ. There were no differences in serum albumin, CRP, calcium and parathyroid hormone. Serum beta-2-microglobulin (B2M) decreased with HDF (32.7 ± 1.9 vs. 28.1 ± 1.1 mg/l, p < 0.01), but not with HD (31.6 ± 1.4 vs. 31.5 ± 1.1 mg/l). Serum phosphate fell with HDF (start 1.48 ± 0.08 vs. 1.57 ± 0.07 mmol/l (p = NS); 3 months 1.35 ± 0.07 vs. 1.61 ± 0.08; 6 months 1.34 ± 0.06 vs. 1.57 ± 0.06, and 12 months 1.36 ± 0.07 vs. 1.67 ± 0.07, all p < 0.05). Conclusion: HDF did not lead to weight gain or improved EPO responsiveness in this prospective observational study. However, predialysis serum phosphate and B2M fell with HDF.

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