Background: Our study was designed to determine bone mineral density (BMD) in patients beginning hemodialysis (HD) treatment, a possible correlation with the duration of renal failure prior to treatment, a possible correlation with the basic disease and the association with the concentration of intact parathormone (iPTH). Methods: Our prospective clinical trial included 50 patients beginning HD treatment. Cortical bone mineral density (BMDc) was measured at the left femoral neck and trabecular bone mineral density (BMDt) in the region of the lumbosacral spine. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured by quantitative digital radiography using a Hologic 2000 plus device belonging to the third generation of densitometers based on dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Results: In patients (PTS) beginning HD, the average BMDc was 82 ± 15% of BMDc in a healthy population of corresponding age and sex. The average BMDt was 91 ± 16% of BMDt in a healthy population of corresponding age and sex. The difference was statistically significant (p < 0.05). There is a negative correlation between iPTH and BMDc r = –0.34 (p < 0.02). Patients with chronic glomerulonephritis (GN) had a statistically significantly higher BMDc (g/cm2) (p < 0.01) than those with analgetic nephropathy (AN). PTS with AN have lower BMDc (g/cm2, %) (p < 0.02) and BMDt (p < 0.005) than the rest of the PTS, iPTH in PTS with AN is higher than in the rest of the PTS (p < 0.05). Conclusions: In PTS at the beginning of HD, BMD is lower than in healthy people of corresponding age and sex. This means that BMD already decreases prior to HD. BMDc was statistically significantly lower than BMDt (p < 0.00005). PTS with AN have lower BMD than those with GN and all remaining PTS. A negative correlation between iPTH and BMDc was found.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.