We examined renal biopsy specimens from patients with mesangial IgA glomerulonephritis (n = 25; plasma creatinine 0.05-0.30 mmol/l) to ascertain whether the myofibroblast has a role in progressive renal interstitial fibrosis. Myofibroblasts were identified by morphology and alpha smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) immunostaining at the light and electron microscope level. Results were related to staining for interstitial leukocytes and collagen III. A control group consisted of 6 normal renal transplant donors from whom biopsy specimens were taken at the time of vascular anastomosis. The fractional volume of interstitial α-SMA staining was greater in patients with mesangial IgA glomerulonephritis than in the control group (17.2 vs. 1.3%; p < 0.001). α-SMA staining was increased in areas of interstitial fibrosis with prominent periglomerular and peritubular distribution. Ultrastructural studies established that α-SMA staining in the renal interstitium was intracellular, cytoplasmic, and confined to myofibroblast-like cells and processes. The α-SMA expression correlated with fractional volume of tubular atrophy/dilation (r = 0.79, p < 0.001), interstitial connective tissue (r = 0.66, p < 0.001), leucocytes (r = 0.72, p < 0.005), and collagen III (r = 0.71, p < 0.001). Staining correlated with renal function at the time of biopsy (r = 0.64, p < 0.005) and after 2 years of follow-up (r = 0.77, p < 0.01). In conclusion, cells with a myofibroblast-like phenotype have a significant role in the progression of tubulointerstitial injury.

Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.