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Introduction Promotion of self-efficacy can enhance engagement with healthcare and treatment adherence in patients with cancer. We report the outcomes of a pilot trial of a digital health coach intervention in patients with leukemia with the aim of improving self-efficacy. Methods Adult patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) were randomized 1:1 to a digital health coach intervention or standard of care. The primary outcome of self-efficacy was measured by the Cancer Behavior Inventory (CBI) score. Results One-hundred and forty-seven patients (37 AML, 110 CLL) were enrolled from July 2020 to December 2022. In the AML cohort, there was a mean increase in CBI score of 7.03 in the digital health coaching arm compared to a mean decrease of -3.57 in the control arm at 30 days (p=0.219). There were no significant associations between the intervention and other patient reported outcomes for patients with CLL. Conclusion There were numerical, but not statistically significant increases in self-efficacy metrics in AML patients who received digital health coaching. Although this trial was underpowered due to enrollment limitations during a pandemic, digital health coaching may provide benefit to patients with hematologic malignancy and warrants further investigation.

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