Intensive treatment regimens for relapsed/refractory (R/R) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) generally include an anthracycline, cytarabine, with or without a purine analog. In patients who cannot tolerate an anthracycline due to comorbidities, one may consider using etoposide. Given the ongoing fludarabine shortage, it has prompted the switch to other purine analogs, such as cladribine, in combination with cytarabine and etoposide in patients who may be eligible for intensive chemotherapy but not able to tolerate an anthracycline due to comorbidities or cardiotoxicity risks. Here, we present 4 patients who received a cladribine, cytarabine, and etoposide (CCE) based regimen for R/R AML. There were no significant therapy-related adverse events, dose holds, or delays. Two out of 3 evaluable patients were successfully bridged to allogeneic transplant, and one is pending another cycle of chemotherapy as a bridge to transplant. The CCE regimen offers a potential option for patients with R/R AML in need of an anthracycline-free salvage regimen during a fludarabine shortage.

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