Introduction: The success of autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) for treating non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) is limited by its high relapse rates. To reduce the risk of relapse, additional maintenance therapy can be added post-transplant. In a non-transplant setting at the time of initiation of this study, both bortezomib and vorinostat had been studied alone or in combination for some NHL histology and showed some clinical activity. At our center, this combination therapy post-transplant for multiple myeloma showed acceptable toxicity. Therefore, it seemed reasonable to study this combination therapy post-ASCT for NHL. Methods: NHL patients underwent conditioning for ASCT with rituximab, carmustine, etoposide, cytarabine, melphalan/carmustine, etoposide, cytarabine, melphalan. After recovery from the acute transplant-related toxicity, combination therapy with IV bortezomib and oral vorinostat (BV) was started and was given for a total of 12 (28-day) cycles. Results: Nineteen patients received BV post-ASCT. The most common toxicities were hematologic, gastrointestinal, metabolic, fatigue, and peripheral neuropathy. With a median follow-up of 10.3 years, 11 patients (58%) are alive without disease progression and 12 patients (63%) are alive. Conclusions: BV can be given post-ASCT for NHL and produces excellent disease-free and overall survival rates.

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Ibrutinib before and after stem cell transplant in treating patients with relapsed or refractory diffuse large b-cell lymphoma. identifier: NCT02443077. Updated: June 18, 2023. Available from: (accessed August 3, 2023).
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