We investigated 90 autopsied cases with hematologic malignancy, including malignant lymphoma (ML), acute leukemia (AL), and adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) peculiar to our district, during the 10-year period 1982-1991 to determine the change in incidence of infection as a cause of death. We divided the cases into two groups representing the first half decade (1982-1986) and the second half decade (1987-1991) and compared the findings made in the two groups. Although infection was the major cause of death in those autopsied cases, the incidence of fatal infections decreased during the latter period. The incidence of fatal bacterial infections decreased, while fungal infections showed a relative increase. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia and cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection occurred more frequently in patients with ATL than in those with ML or AL. Combined infection by more than three pathogens was observed in 2 cases of ATL. Our study revealed the characteristics of ATL specific to our district, and indicated the need to apply new strategies to prevent and treat fungal and viral infections in patients with hematologic malignancies.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.