The relationships between transfused cell number of CD34+ cell subpopulations divided by HLA-DR and CD33 antibodies and hematopoietic recovery patterns after peripheral blood progenitor cell transplantation (PBPCT) subsequent to myeloablative chemoradiotherapy were investigated in 14 children with cancer. Both logarithm of transfused CD34+ cell number/106/kg and logarithm of transfused cell number/106/kg of the CD34+HLA-DR+CD33+ sub-population, which is supposed to be myeloid-committed cells, were correlated with myeloid recovery after PBSCT, though they were not correlated with erythroid or platelets recovery. On the other hand, logarithm of transfused cell number/106/kg of CD34+HLA-DR-CD33- subpopulation, which is supposed to be immature progenitor cells, was not correlated with myeloid recovery but correlated with erythroid recovery and platelet recovery. These results suggested that rapid myelopoiesis after PBPCT occurs following transfusion of sufficient numbers of myeloid-committed cells and complete hematopoietic reconstitution occurs after transfusion of sufficient numbers of immature hematopoietic progenitor cells.

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