2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine (cladribine, Leustatin®) is being used extensively in the treatment of hematologic malignancies, but relatively little is known regarding its toxicity to the normal marrow. Long-term serial hematologic observations have been made on 29 patients with multiple sclerosis undergoing experimental therapy with monthly courses of cladribine, each of which consisted of 0.087-0.1 mg/kg per day for 7 days. The characteristic hematologic responses of the patients consisted of acute transient monocytopenia, prolonged, profound lymphopenia especially of CD4-positive cells, and modest lowering of the granulocyte count and hemoglobin with development of long-lasting macrocytosis. Two patients developed severe aplastic anemia, requiring transfusion both of red cells and platelets. One of these had previously received extensive therapy with chlorambucil, while the other had received carbamazepine (Tegretol®) and was ingesting phenytoin (Dilantin®) at the time of cladribine therapy. Both patients recovered after several months of marrow suppression.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.