Proteins C and S are vitamin K-dependent proteins with an essential anticoagulant function. Protein C exists in an inactive form and is activated by a thrombin-thrombomodulin complex. Protein S combines with protein C and forms a stoichiometric complex which regulates coagulation in the presence of calcium. As patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) bear a high risk of developing thrombo-embolic disorders, we studied the coagulation derangement in 100 patients and 40 normal age- and sex-matched controls. The patients were clinically assessed and classified into sickle cell homozygotes (Hb SS), Hb S heterozygotes (Hb AS) and double heterozygotes for Hb S /β°-thalassaemia based on haematological parameters, red cell indices, Hb A2 and F levels and genetic studies. The proteins C and S were estimated and related to the type of the gene defect. The results showed significantly reduced levels of proteins C and S in SCD patients with the highest prevalence of deficiency in patients with a severe disease and frequent episodes of crisis. However, no significant differences were encountered in the level of proteins C and S in the same patients during the steady state and during episodes of crisis. It was concluded that the lower protein C and S levels in SCD is either due to decreased production or increased consumption though this reduction does not seem to play a role in producing thrombo-embolic disorders.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.