Human chronic myelogenous leukemic cells K562, carrying the Ph+ chromosome and an amplified abl oncogene, were injected subcutaneously in nude mice and gave rise to myeloid solid tumors after 4–5 weeks. DNA from the cells of the solid tumors was analyzed by Southern blotting using v-abl and actin probes. Increased amplification of human abl oncogene, but not of the actine gene was found. This suggests a clonal selection of a cell population with more copies of the abl oncogene. This in vivo selection appears to increase the tumorigenicity of K562 cells since, in a second transplantation in nude mice, we observed a shorter period of latency before tumor appearance (3 weeks) when compared to the initial transplantation.

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