We determined neutrophil alkaline phosphatase (NAP) activity in diabetic patients in conjuction with HbA1c levels. NAP was estimated using semiquantitative cytochemical technique, and we studied its activity in different groups of diabetic patients. We found that NAP score is correlated with the HbA1c level. Non-diabetic patients were used as controls, in whom NAP score and HbA1c were found normal. In diabetic patients the NAP activity and the HbA1c level were altered similarly during the various phases of the disease. Our findings indicate that NAP score could be used as a simple new parameter for diabetes. The pathophysiologic mechanism of our observations needs further investigation.

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