Pyrimidine 5′-nucleotidase (P5′N) partial deficiency has been described in several hematological disorders and also in the β-thalassemic trait. To check if the P5’N deficiency in thalassemia was acquired we used thalassemic red cells (from either homo- or heterozygous subjects), whose P5′N activity was lower than in control cells. After separation on a density gradient, activity in lighter cells was similar to controls and less than 50% in denser cells. The most probable mechanism for this faster inactivation involves enzyme -SH groups modification by oxidation and reaction with monofunctional aldehydes produced by membrane lipid peroxidation. In vitro challenge of thiol enzymes as pyruvate kinase (PK), adenylate kinase (AK) and P5′N with increasing concentrations of GSSG, hexanal (HEX) and 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE), showed that HNE is the most powerful among the enzyme inhibitors tested and that P5′N activity is a more sensitive index of -SH groups damage, when compared to PK and AK.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.