Thirty children aged 1-15 years with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and acute nonlymphoblastic leukemia were transplanted from HLA-matched donors using two different preparative regimens: 18 patients were prepared with cyclophosphamide and total body irradiation (TBI) while 12 patients received busulphan and cyclophosphamide. Fifteen patients survived 7 to 74 months after transplant. The association of busulphan and cyclophosphamide is a well-tolerated preparation for bone marrow transplant in children with eradicative and immunosuppressive efficacy comparable to that of the well-experienced TBI-cyclophosphamide association.
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© 1989 S. Karger AG, Basel
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