To clarify the control mechanism of production of erythropoietic growth factors in anemic states, we compared erythropoietin (Epo) and burst-promoting activity (BPA) in patients with aplastic anemia and iron deficiency anemia, using in vitro erythroid progenitor assays. Although serum levels of Epo activity increased in the presence of anemia, the rise was more marked in patients with aplastic anemia. BPA was high only in the sera of aplastic anemia patients. Serum levels of BPA of patients with aplastic anemia negatively correlated with hemoglobin concentrations, while those of patients with iron deficiency anemia did not correlate. In 2 patients with aplastic anemia who responded well to androgen therapy, serum levels of Epo activity and BPA decreased after the hemopoiesis had recovered. These results suggest that serum levels of BPA do not rise in response to anemia only. The elevated BPA levels in sera in cases of aplastic anemia are probably related to a reduction in the number of hemopoietic stem cells. Moreover, we observed that BPA in bone-marrow-conditioned medium (BMCM) from patients with severe aplastic anemia increased more than in the BMCM from patients with severe iron deficiency anemia. Therefore, our findings suggest that the enchanced BPA production depends on a decrease in hemopoietic precursors rather than the anemic state.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.