Fifteen patients with transfusion-dependent severe aplastic anemia (SAA) were treated with combined immunosuppression consisting of horse-antithymocyte globulin (ATG; Atgam®, Upjohn) and high-dose 6-methylprednisolone (MP). Oxymetholone was scheduled for 2 years but was discontinued in 7 patients after 10–385 days due to liver toxicity. Serious side effects usually seen in ATG monotherapy were rare during combined immunosuppression. Currently 12 of 15 patients are alive 110–1,275 days (median 475.5) after start of treatment. One patient has received too short treatment to be evaluated. All the others are transfusion-independent. Three patients died; two from septicemia before hemopoietic recovery could be expected and one after relapse. Our results confirm that (1) the addition of high-dose MP abrogates the side effects of ATG mono-therapy, and (2) the addition of MP does not counteract, but rather enhances the beneficial effect of ATG in SAA. We recommend combined immunosuppressive treatment with ATG and high-dose MP as a highly feasible, safe and effectful therapy for patients with transfusion-dependent SAA.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.