Two family members (daughter and mother) with a bleeding disorder showed prolonged bleeding time and activated partial thromboplastin time associated with decreased plasma levels of factor VIII procoagulant activity, factor VIII-related antigen, and factor VIII-ristocetin cofactor activity. The ristocetin-induced platelet agglutination (RIPA) was enhanced, ADP-, collagen- and Ca ionophore-induced platelet aggregation were also increased at low concentrations of these compounds. In the mother, spontaneous platelet aggregation (SPA) was also observed. Contrary to type II B von Willebrand’s disease (vWd), pseudo-vWd and platelet-type vWd, the patients did not show any increased binding of factor VIII/vWf to platelets in the presence of ristocetin. The RIPA in normal controls were inhibited by addition of antifactor VIII antiserum to the platelet-rich plasma, but not in cases 1 and 2. In this atypical vWd, therefore, the hyperreactivity of platelet aggregation may be due to an intrinsic abnormality of the platelets, but not to any enhanced interaction between plasma factor VIII and the platelets.