3 cases of congenital dyserythropoietic anaemia (type I, case 3; type III, cases 1 and 2) are reported with a follow-up of 8–10 years. Conventional therapy with vitamins, steroids and/or anabolic hormones was ineffective. Regular blood transfusions were required to maintain the haemoglobin levels around 8 g/dl. Splenectomy, however, resulted in a sustained rise in haemoglobin without blood transfusions. During the follow-up period varying from 40 to 77 months after splenectomy, diabetes mellitus was detected in all 3 patients. Liver biopsy showed haemosiderosis in 2 patients with cirrhosis in one of them. It is suggested that splenectomy could be an effective mode of therapy to reduce the need for blood transfusion in congenital dyserythropoietic anaemias.

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