Amyloidosis associated with plasma cell dyscrasia (AAPCD) is a relatively rare clinical entity (4% of our patients with PCD) and its early recognition and distinction from multiple myeloma (MM) may be of great therapeutic and prognostic significance. Laboratory parameters, such as concentrations of normal polyclonal Ig, Bence-Jones proteins and serum monoclonal components (MC) showed in our patients lower MC concentrations than in MM, λ-L-chains and of γ-H-chains predominating. Sequential skeletal X-ray studies and bone marrow morphology remain essential diagnostic procedures. Due to the lack of efficient therapeutic agents for AAPCD and the great progress achieved in recent years in the treatment of secondary amyloidosis, the immunochemical analysis of the isolated amyloid fibril as well as of the surrounding ‘ground substance’ should be pursued in AAPCD. Our data support previous observations, that in AAPCD the amyloid fibril subunit is an L-chain fragment predominantly derived from λ-L-chains which originates from the same clone as the MC. The localization of an enzymatic cleavage point on the L-chain, the detection of a specific proteolytic enzyme and the identification of additional components in the amyloid substance, may further elucidate the etiopathogenesis of AAPCD.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.