In 5 patients with mixed cryoglobulinemia, 3 with Waldenström’s disease and 2 with essential cryoglobulinemia, a C1-inhibitor (C1-INH) deficiency was discovered. The complement profile was characteristic of the acquired type: the total hemolytic activity and the early components were reduced, C3 was diminished in 1 patient only, C5 and C9 were normal or elevated. 1 patient with Waldenström’s disease and 1 with essential cryoglobulinemia experienced episodes of angioedema. Circulating immune complexes were found in all patients’ sera by the 125I-radio-labelled Clq binding activity (Clq BA) test. The values of the Clq binding activity were correlated with the depletion of the early complement components and that of C1-INH. 4 patients showed circulating 7S IgM. Our data support the hypothesis of a complement activation by the cryoprecipitating immune complexes; the CI-INH depletion is secondary to its consumption following C1 activation.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.