The distribution of various types of leukemia due to chronic exposure to benzene is described in a series comprising 34 cases. The incidence of leukemia among 31 shoe-workers was 13.5/100,000. Acute myeloblastic leukemia was the most frequent type, followed by preleukemia, acute erythroleukemia and acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The extreme rarity of chronic myeloid leukemia was a noteworthy finding. The differences and similarities between the distribution of various types of leukemia in different series of patients with chronic exposure to benzene and ionizing radiation are discussed.

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