Development of post-chemotherapy histiocyte-rich pseudotumor (PHP) is an underrecognized event following therapy in lymphoma patients and may mimic residual tumor using current therapy monitoring protocols. We report a series of 5 patients with PHP along with a review of the literature. In our series, we describe 3 patients with persistent hypermetabolic masses by positron emission tomography-computed tomography, one with persistent terminal ileal nodules on endoscopy, and one with bone marrow involvement, a site not associated with mass-like disease. Twenty-three patients with long-term follow-up were identified from our series and review of the literature. Forty-four percent of patients received additional therapy, and only 4% of patients died of lymphoma. This study illustrates that PHPs are not identified using current lymphoma therapy monitoring algorithms and may result in overtreatment with risk for additional therapy-related complications. The need for confirmatory tissue biopsy in this setting is recommended.

Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.