Background: Although the use of cord blood transplantation (CBT) is becoming more frequent in acute leukemia, considering the relationship between the low stem cell dose and graft failure, whether use of CBT for adolescents and young adults (AYAs) is appropriate remains uncertain. Methods: A retrospective registry-based analysis of clinical outcomes and immune reconstitution was conducted for 105 AYAs and 187 children with acute leukemia who underwent single-unit CBT using myeloablative conditioning (MAC) without antithymocyte globulin (ATG). Results: Outcomes were similar between AYAs and children, except for nonrelapse mortality (NRM) and recovery rates of neutrophils and platelets. The 30-day cumulative incidence of neutrophil engraftment was similar between AYAs and children, but children had faster rates of neutrophil and platelet recovery than AYAs. The median time to neutrophil engraftment was earlier in children than in AYAs (AYAs, 19 days, 95% confidence interval [CI] 17.3–21.7; children, 16 days, 95% CI 13.1–19.5, p = 0.00003). The incidence of platelet recovery on day 120 was higher in children than in AYAs (AYAs, 80%, 95% CI 71–81%; children, 88%, 95% CI 82–92%, p = 0.037). CD34+ cell dose was the only independent factor influencing both neutrophil and platelet recovery. The cumulative incidence of NRM at 2 years was higher among AYAs than among children (AYAs, 27.5%, 95% CI 20–37%; children, 15%, 95% CI 10–21%, p = 0.008). Conditioning regimen was an independent factor influencing NRM. With respect to immune reconstitution, natural killer cell counts quickly recovered to normal levels 1-month post-CBT in both children and AYAs. CD8+ T-cell counts were higher in children than in AYAs at 1 and 3 months post-CBT. CD4+ T-cell counts were similar in both children and AYAs after CBT. Conclusion: AYAs with acute leukemia have outcomes of single-unit CBT using MAC without ATG that are as good as those of children. Thus, single-unit CBT using modified MAC without ATG is an acceptable choice for both AYAs and children who do not have a suitable donor.

Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.