Absolute immature platelet counts (A-IPC) aid in diagnosis and treatment follow-up in thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). A-IPC was used to follow a patient on mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) maintenance therapy treated with a prolonged therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) regimen for relapsing TTP. On admission, the platelet (PLT) count was 95 × 109/L declining to 14 × 109/L in 5 days. Daily TPE was initiated for suspected TTP, and MMF was discontinued. A-IPC and PLT count were 1 × 109/L and 14 × 109/L, respectively, prior to first TPE. A-IPC improved to 3.2 × 109/L with 1 TPE, and on day 5, A-IPC and PLT count were 7.5 × 109/L and 218 × 109/L, respectively. On day 6, A-IPC and PLT count decreased to 4.8 × 109/L and 132 × 109/L further worsening to 0.4 × 109/L and 13 × 109/L, respectively. ADAMTS13 activity remained <5% with an inhibitor; counts did not recover. Initial improvement followed by rapidly declining A-IPC despite therapy suggested production suppression. In TTP, A-IPC may aid in establishing early therapy effects over PLT production.

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