Treating patients with hemophilia and inhibitors is often problematic. The presence of inhibitors negatively impacts the effectiveness of treatment to achieve hemostasis especially in patients with hemophilia B, owing mainly to allergic reactions to factor IX (FIX) concentrates and the low success rate of immune tolerance therapy. A 9-month-old boy had intracranial hemorrhage and was diagnosed with hemophilia B. After replacement therapy, he developed inhibitors and an allergic reaction to FIX. Prophylactic therapy was initiated with recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) and later switched to pdFVIIa/factor X (FX; 120 μg/kg as the FVII dose, every other day) because of a recurrence of intracranial hemorrhage. Since then, he remained well without life-threatening bleeding for more than 2 years. Our case suggests that pdFVIIa/FX may be useful for prophylactic therapy in hemophilia B complicated by inhibitors and allergic reaction to FIX concentrates.

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