Protein S (PS) is an important anticoagulant. Its main function is to act as a non-enzymatical cofactor of activated protein C. PS deficiency is defined as low plasma levels of PS and/or loss of function associated with variable risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). We report 2 novel variants in the PS gene (PROS1) which are associated with PS deficiency and severe thrombophilic diathesis in 2 patients. Patient 1 suffered from 3 VTE events, including a spontaneous VTE at the age of 19. Patient 2 suffered from 2 provoked VTE events. In both patients decreased plasma levels of PS antigen as well as decreased PS activity were found. Gene sequencing results showed a heterozygous deletion of 8 base pairs (c.938_945delTAAAATTT, p.Leu313Serfs13*) in exon 9 of the PROS1 gene in patient 1 and a missense variant (c.1613C>T, p.Ser538Phe) in patient 2. Due to the clinically proven history of recurrent VTE events in both patients, genetic testing of first-degree relatives is discussed.

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