Acquired factor V deficiency (AFVD) is a rare autoimmune bleeding disorder. Unlike acquired hemophilia, bypass therapies with recombinant activated factor VII and activated prothrombin complex concentrates are ineffective for severe bleeding due to AFVD. Although several treatment strategies have been attempted, a standard of care for severe hemorrhage induced by AFVD is lacking. Herein, we report a case of AFVD with severe bleeding that responded to plasma exchange (PE) combined with immunosuppression. We also reviewed previously reported AFVD cases with severe hemorrhage and suggest that PE may be an effective initial treatment for AFVD-induced severe hemorrhage.

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