We retrospectively evaluated the efficacy and safety of dasatinib among 48 Chinese patients with chronic phase chronic myeloid leukaemia. The proportions of patients achieving the optimal molecular responses at 3, 6, and 12 months, a major molecular response (MMR) rate and a complete cytogenetic response (CCyR) rate were 87.0, 87.0, 72.2, 45.8, and 72.7% for patients with dasatinib as second-line therapy, and 34.8, 34.8, 33.3, 20.8, and 46.2% as third-line therapy, respectively. A BCR-ABL1 transcript level on the International Scale (BCR-ABL1IS) of ≤10% at the initiation of -dasatinib treatment was found to be associated with a higher probability of achieving MMR. Among patients with a -BCR-ABL1IS higher than 10% at initiation of dasatinib treatment, dasatinib showed better performance as a second-line therapy than as a third-line therapy. The patients who achieved an optimal molecular response at 3 months had a superior cumulative incidence of MMR and CCyR compared with patients who failed to achieve such a response. Dasatinib induced considerable responses as a second-line treatment, especially in patients with a BCR-ABL1IS ≤10% at initiation of treatment, whereas the efficacy was limited in patients receiving third-line therapy with a BCR-ABL1IS >10% at the initiation of treatment.

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