Adults with relapsed or refractory (R/R) B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) treated with conventional chemotherapy have dismal outcomes. Novel immunotherapies targeting CD19, including the bispecific T-cell engager blinatumomab and chimeric antigen-receptor T (CAR-T) cells, have revolutionized the treatment of R/R B-ALL. Robust response rates to CAR-T cell therapy after blinatumomab have recently been reported, but it is unknown whether blinatumomab can be effective following failure of anti-CD19 CAR-T cell therapy. Herein, we describe a patient with Philadelphia chromosome-positive B-ALL who relapsed after CD19-directed CAR-T therapy, but subsequently responded to the combination of blinatumomab and the tyrosine kinase inhibitor ponatinib, with the achievement of a complete remission lasting 12 months.

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